PCHR Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the oPt (11- 17 September 2014)

September 21, 2014 11:46 PM IMEMC Agencies Human rights, News Report, Palestine 0
21 Sep
11:46 PM

Israeli violations of international law and international humanitarian law in the oPt continued during the reporting period (11- 17 September 2014).Israeli attacks in the West Bank & Gaza:

Shootings:

In the Gaza Strip, Palestinian medical source pronounced a member of an armed group dead of wounds he sustained on 11 July 2014, when an Israeli drone targeted a group of Palestinians east of Hamoudah gas station at the entrance of Beit Hanoun village. In that attack, a Palestinian was killed and 2 others were wounded.

On 17 September 2014, Israeli forces opened fire at a group of fishermen who were sailing near the border fence. As a result, a fisherman sustained a bullet wound to his right leg. The fishermen was standing 200 meters off the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel and giving directions to his sons who were fishing in a rowing boat.

In the context of chasing Palestinian fishermen in the sea, on 12 September 2014, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniya shore and al-Waha resort, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats. Neither arrests nor material damage were reported. The shooting reoccurred once on 13 September 2014; 14 September 2014; and 17 Septembers 2014; and twice on 16 September 2014.

In the West Bank, 2 Palestinian civilians, including a child, were wounded during 2 other peaceful protests on Selwad – Yabroud road near street (60), northeast of Ramallah; and in Bab al-Zawiyah area, in the centre of Hebron.

Incursions:

During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted at least 55 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank. During these incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 40 Palestinians, including 9 children and a woman. Nineteen of those civilians, including 7 children and a woman, were arrested in Jerusalem.

In the Gaza Strip, Israeli forces moved about 150 meters into the east of al-Qararah village, northeast of Khan Yunis. They levelled lands along the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel.

Restrictions on movement:

Israel continued to impose a tight closure of the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

The illegal closure of the Gaza Strip, which has been steadily tightened since June 2007 has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip. The Israeli authorities impose measures to undermine the freedom of trade, including the basic needs for the Gaza Strip population and the agricultural and industrial products to be exported. For 7 consecutive years, Israel has tightened the land and naval closure to isolate the Gaza Strip from the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem, and other countries around the world. This resulted in grave violations of the economic, social and cultural rights and a deterioration of living conditions for 1.7 million people. The Israeli authorities have established Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) as the sole crossing for imports and exports in order to exercise its control over the Gaza Strip’s economy. They also aim at imposing a complete ban on the Gaza Strip’s exports.

Israeli forces have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians throughout the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip continue to be denied access to Jerusalem.

At least 3 Palestinian civilians were arrested at military checkpoints in the West Bank.

Efforts to create a Jewish majority:

Attacks by Israeli Forces

· At approximately 14:00 on Thursday, 11 September 2014, Israeli forces arrested Amir Nasser al-Nabulsi (16) when he was returning home from school I the Old City in Jerusalem then took him to the investigation center in Salah al-Dein Street.

· At approximately 16:30 on the same day, Israeli police arrested Muhammad Yasser Najeeb (13) when he was leaving from al-Aqsa mosque in the Old City in Jerusalem and took him to Al-Qishla investigation center.

· At approximately 20:00 on Friday, 12 September 2014, Israeli forces moved into Silwan village, south of the Old City in Jerusalem. They stationed at the central neighborhood and B’ir Ayyoub neighborhood. They raided a number of houses claiming they were searching for children who throw stones at Israeli vehicles in the morning. Dozens of Palestinian youths gathered at the roofs of their houses and threw stones at Israeli soldiers who fired rubber-coated metal bullets and tear gas canisters in response. Moreover, Israeli forces arrested 3 civilians and took them to an unknown destination. The civilians were identified as: Samer Ibrahim Idkeidik (23); Ahmed Nader ‘Odeh (21); and ‘Odai Hazem Khader al-Rajbi (10) after he was beaten up.

· At approximately 15:00 on Saturday, 13 September 2014, Israeli forces arrested Muhammad Sabri Abu Spitan (14) in al-Bubba area, in al-Tour neighborhood, east of the Old City in Jerusalem.

· At approximately 04:00 on Sunday, 14 September 2014, Israeli forces moved into al-Isawia village, northeast of Jerusalem. They raided and searched a number of houses. They also arrested 3 civilians and took them to an unknown destination. The civilians were identified as: Qusai Mahmoud Dari (23); ‘Atef Ahmed al-‘Amouri (20) and Yazan Hussein ‘Ilyan (19).

· At approximately 09:00 on the aforementioned day, Israeli forces arrested Muhammad Yousif Bouja (17) and Muhammad Isam al-‘Abbasi (17) when they were at Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, east of the Old City in Jerusalem and took them to an unknown destination.

· At approximately 05:00 on Monday, Israeli forces moved into al-Wad and Bas Hatta areas in the Old City in Jerusalem. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 civilians, including a child, then took them to an unknown destination. The civilians were identified as: Ahmed Jamal Abu ‘Alya (19); Thaer Ahmed Abu Sneina (21); and Khader Abu Farha (16).

· At approximately 11:00, Israeli police arrested Khadija Isamil Khweis (42) when she was leaving through al-Asbat Gate in the Old City in Jerusalem and took her to al-Qisla investigation center.

· At approximately 17:00 on Tuesday, 16 September 2014, Israeli forces raided a house belonging to Ahmed Saleh al-Dari in al-Isawia village, northeast of Jerusalem. They searched the house and arrested his son ‘Odai (14) then took him to an unknown destination.

Settlement activities:

Israel has continued its settlement activities in the oPt, a direct violation of international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

On 14 September 2014, Israeli forces bulldozed 2 dunums of agricultural land and uprooted 8 olive trees belonging to the heirs of the deceased Mahmoud Ali Hammad.

On September 2014, Israeli forces confiscated a land belonging to the Palestinian Ministry of Public Work and Housing.

On 13 September 2014, Israeli settler sprayed pepper at ‘Odai Naser Hamza Idrees (13) and Muhammad Makroum al-Nawaja (11).

On 14 September 2014, two Israeli settlers from ‘Mitzpe Yair’ settlement attacked a shepherd from Qawawis village and two international volunteers who were with the shepherd and his sheep. The Israeli police arrived two hours later and arrested the shepherded and one of the volunteers under the pretext of throwing stones at settlers.

On 16 September 2014, a settler from “Sousia” settlement ran down a herd of sheep at the Bypass road near Iqweiwis village. As a result, 8 of them died.

Israeli attacks on non-violent demonstrations:

During the reporting period, Israeli soldiers used excessive force against peaceful demonstrations organized by Palestinian civilians, international and Israeli human rights defenders in protest against the construction of the annexation wall and settlement activities in the West Bank. As a result, several demonstrators suffered tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises as they were beaten up by Israeli soldiers.

In the same context, 2 Palestinian civilians, including a child, were wounded during 2 other peaceful protests on Selwad – Yabroud road near street (60), northeast of Ramallah; and in Bab al-Zawiyah area, in the centre of Hebron.

(PCHR keeps the names of the wounded in fear of being arrested by the Israeli forces within its policy to oppress the peaceful protests and prevent Palestinian civilians from participating).

Demonstrations against the construction of the annexation wall and settlement activity

· Following the Friday Prayer on 12 September 2014, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Bil’in, west of Ramallah, in protest at the construction of the annexation wall and settlement. The demonstrators took the streets raising the Palestinian flags and headed to the liberated territories near the annexation wall. Early in the morning, Israeli forces closed all entrances to the city to prevent Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders from participating in the protests. The protestors marched by the annexation wall and tried to cross the fence. Israeli soldiers stationed behind the wall, in the western area, and a large number of soldiers deployed along it, fired live bullets, tear gas canisters, rubber-coated steel bullets, sound bombs and waste water at them and chased them into the olive fields. As a result, several demonstrators suffered tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises as they were beaten up by Israeli soldiers. Moreover, Israeli forces detained Suleiman Yassin Bernat (58) and Achill Kent (21), a Belgian solidarity activist, for 3 hours.

· At the same time, dozens of Palestinian civilians organized a peaceful demonstration in Nil’in village, west of Ramallah, in protest at the construction of the annexation wall and settlement activities. The demonstrators made their way towards the annexation wall. Israeli forces closed the wall gate with barbwire and, when the demonstrators attempted to access the lands behind the barbwire, they were stopped by Israeli soldier. The demonstrators threw stones at the Israeli soldier who responded with live ammunition, rubber-coated metal bullet, sound bombs, tear gas canisters, and waste water at them and chased them into the village. As a result, several demonstrators suffered tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises as they were beaten up by Israeli soldiers.

· Around the same time, dozens of Palestinian civilians and Israeli and international human rights defenders organised a peaceful demonstration in Nabi Saleh village, southwest of Ramallah, in protest at the construction of the annexation wall and settlement activities. The demonstrators made their way in the streets raising the Palestinian flags and chanting slogans against the occupation, and then they headed to the lands that the settlers are trying to rob by force near “Halmish” settlement. Israeli forces had closed all the entrances of the village since the morning to prevent Palestinian and international activists and journalists from participating in the demonstration. When they arrived at the aforementioned land, demonstrators were met by live bullets, tear gas canisters, rubber-coated steel bullets, sound bombs and waste water and were chased into the village. As a result, many civilians suffered tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises due to being beaten up by Israeli soldiers.

· Also at approximately 13:20, Palestinian civilians and international solidarity activists organized a protest in the center of Kufor Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqilya, heading to the eastern entrance of the village in protest against closing that entrance since the beginning of al-Aqsa Intifada with an iron gate. The demonstrators threw stones at Israeli soldiers, who fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters in response. As a result, several protestors suffered tear gas inhalation and other sustained bruises as they were beaten up by Israeli soldiers.

Other Demonstrations

· On Friday afternoon, 12 September 2014, dozens of Palestinian young men gathered at the western entrance of Selwad village, northeast of Ramallah on the road between Selwad village and Yabrod village near Street (60) and threw at the aforementioned street. Israeli soldiers fired live ammunition, rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the young meen, and chased them into the village. As a result, Osama Sa’id Hafez Bseiso (41), from Selwad village, sustained a bullet wound to the forehead. He was taken to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah, where he underwent a surgery. It was found that he sustained fractures in the skull and brain hemorrhage. His health condition was serious, so he was transferred to the intensive care unit in the Kuwaiti Hospital. Furthermore, Israeli forces established a checkpoint under the bridge of Yabroud village near the clashes area. They stopped Palestinian vehicles to prevent the young men from throwing stones at them. They also detained Farouq Rasem Jamil Assi (32), handcuffed him to the back, blindfolded him and kept him in between the cement cubes. It should be noted that Assi is an international referee. He was heading to Jericho for a football game between Jericho and Beit Ommar teams.

· At approximately 15:00, following the funeral procession of Ra’ed Abdul Salam al-Ja’bari (35), who was pronounced dead in “Soroka” Hospital in Beersheba, dozens of angry youngsters gathered in Bab al-Zawiyah area, in the centre of Hebron. They threw stones at Israeli soldiers positioning in the area, who fired tear gas canisters and live ammunition in response. As a result, a 15-year-old child sustained a bullet wound to the left leg. He was taken to Hebron Hospital. Moreover, a number of young men suffered tear gas inhalation.

Continued closure of the oPt:

Israel continued to impose a tight closure on the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

Gaza Strip

Israeli forces continuously tighten the closure of the Gaza Strip and close all commercial crossings, making the Karm Abu Salem crossing the sole commercial crossing of the Gaza Strip, although it is not suitable for commercial purposes in terms of its operational capacity and distance from markets.

Israeli forces have continued to apply the policy, which is aimed to tighten the closure on all commercial crossings, by imposing total control over the flow of imports and exports.

The total closure of al-Mentar (‘Karni’) crossing since 02 March 2011 has seriously affected the economy of the Gaza Strip. Following this closure, all economic and commercial establishments in the Gaza Commercial Zone were shut off. It should be noted that al-Mentar crossing is the biggest crossing in the Gaza Strip, in terms of its capacity to absorb the flow of imports and exports. The decision to close al-Mentar crossing was the culmination of a series of decisions resulting in the complete closure of the Sofa crossing, east of the Gaza Strip in the beginning of 2009, and the Nahal Oz crossing, east of Gaza City, which were dedicated for the delivery of fuel and cooking gas to the Gaza Strip, in the beginning of 2010.

Israeli forces have continued to impose a total ban on the delivery of raw materials to the Gaza Strip, except for very limited items and quantities. The limited quantities of raw materials allowed into Gaza do not meet the minimal needs of the civilian population of the Gaza Strip.

The cooking gas crisis has fluctuated for 9 months due to the closure of Karm Abu Salem for security claims. According to PCHR’s follow-up, Israeli authorities only allow an average of 98 tons of cooking gas into Gaza per day. This limited quantity is less than half of the daily needs, which is 200 tons per day of the civilian population in the Gaza Strip during winter. The crisis has unprecedentedly aggravated for around six weeks due to cold weather and overconsumption in addition to the power outage and using gas as an alternative in many instances of electricity. The lack of diesel and benzene led to the aggravation of the crisis as a result of using the gas cylinder for cars or as an alternative for benzene to run generators. As a result, the demand for gas further increased.

For almost 6 consecutive years, Israeli forces have continued to prevent the delivery of construction materials to the Gaza Strip. Two years ago, Israeli forces approved the delivery of limited quantities of construction materials for a number of international organizations in the Gaza Strip. On 17 September 2013, they allowed the entry of limited quantities of construction materials for the private sector. However, on 13 October 2013, they re-banned it claiming that these materials are used for constructing tunnels. Last week, Israeli forces allowed the entry of construction materials only for UNRWA and UNDP projects. As a result, construction works have completely stopped impacting all sectors related to construction and an increase in unemployment levels. During the 51-day Israeli offensive on the Gaza Strip in July and August 2014, Israeli authorities did not allow the entry of any construction materials. As a result, vital and infrastructure projects have been obstructed so far.

Israeli forces also continued to impose an almost total ban on the Gaza Strip exports, including agricultural and industrial products, except for light-weighted products such as flowers, strawberries, and spices.

Israel has continued to close the Beit Hanoun (“Erez”) crossing for the majority of Palestinian citizens from the Gaza Strip. Israel only allows the movement of a limited number of groups, with many hours of waiting in the majority of cases. Israel has continued to adopt a policy aimed at reducing the number of Palestinian patients allowed to move via the Beit Hanoun crossing to receive medical treatment in hospitals in Israel or in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Israel denied permission to access hospitals via the crossing for new categories of patients from the Gaza Strip.

West Bank

Israel has imposed a tightened closure on the West Bank. During the reporting period, Israeli forces imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians:

· Hebron: At approximately 15:0 on Thursday, 11 September 2014, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of the city. At approximately 16:30, they established a similar checkpoint at the entrance of Beit Amr village, north of the city. Later, all checkpoints were removed, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 17:30 on Friday, 12 September 2014, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of al-‘Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. Later, the checkpoint was removed, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 07:00 on Saturday, 13 September 2014, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at entrance of Sa’ir village, east of Hebron. At approximately 17:30, they established a similar checkpoint at the entrance of al-‘Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. Later, all checkpoints were removed, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 07:00 on Monday, 15 September 2014, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at entrance of Sa’ir village, east of Hebron, and another one at the entrance of al-‘Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. Later, all checkpoints were removed, and no arrests were reported.

In the morning, Israeli forces established a new surveillance room at the entrance of Ibrahimi mosque in the Old City in Hebron, thus causing more restrictions on civilians’ movement. The department of Awqaf already objected the establishment of this room.

At approximately 20:00 on Tuesday, 16 September 2014, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at entrance of Ezna village, west of Hebron. They searched Palestinian vehicles and checked IDs of passengers. Later, the checkpoint was removed, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 07:30 on Wednesday, 17 September 2014, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at southern entrance of Halhoul village, north of Hebron. They searched Palestinian vehicles and checked IDs of passengers. Later, the checkpoint was removed, and no arrests were reported.

· Ramallah: At approximately 09:30 on Friday, 12 September 2014, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah, and another under Yabroud Bridge, northeast of the city. At approximately 13:30, a similar checkpoint was established at the entrance of Qibya village, west of the city. At approximately 17:30, a similar checkpoint was established under Kharbtha al-Misbah Bridge, southwest of the city. At approximately 20:20, they reestablished their existence at Attara checkpoint at the northern entrance of Bir Zeit village, north of the city. Later, all checkpoints were removed, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 11:00 on Saturday, 13 September 2014, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of Nil’in village, west of the city, and another one under Kharbtha al-Misbah Bridge, southwest of the city. At approximately 17:30, a similar checkpoint was established at the intersection of Beir Ore al-Fouqa village, southwest of Ramallah. Later, all checkpoints were removed, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 09:30 on Sunday, 14 September 2014, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of ‘Aboud village, and another one at the entrance of Deir Abu Mash’al village, northwest of the city. At approximately 20:30, a similar checkpoint was established at the entrance of Termsi’ia village, north of the city. Later, all checkpoints were removed, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 10:30 on Monday, 15 September 2014, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of Ras Karkar village, northwest of the Ramallah and another one under Yabroud Bridge, northeast of the city. At approximately 13:30, they established a checkpoint at the entrance of Qibia village, west of the city. At approximately 17:30, a similar checkpoint was established under Kharbtha al-Misbah Bridge, southwest of the city. At approximately 19:00, they established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance of al-Tiba village. At approximately 21:45, a checkpoint was established at near the intersection of “Ofra” settlement, northeast of the city. Later, all checkpoints were removed, and no arrests were reported.

· Jericho: at approximately 20:00 on Thursday, 12 September 2014, Israeli forces established a checkpoint near the southern entrance of the city. The checkpoint caused suufocating traffic jams as civlains were not allowed to pass through. Later, the checkpoint was removed, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 16:00 on Friday, 13 September 2014, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of al-Oja village, north of the city. At approximately 18:00, they established a similar checkpoint near the southern entrance of the city. Later, the checkpoint was removed, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 20:00 on Sunday, 14 September 2014, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance at the entrance of al-Nueima village, north of the city. Later, the checkpoint was removed, and no arrests were reported.

· Tulkarm: At approximately 10:30 on Monday, 15 September 2014, Israeli forces stationed at ‘Annab military checkpoint, which is established on the road between Tulkarm and Nablus, tightened restrictions against Palestinian and obstructed their movement. They searched Palestinian vehicles and checked IDs of passengers. Later, the tightening ended, and no arrests were reported.

· Jenin: Israeli forces have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 11:15 on Sunday, 12 September 2014, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of Ya’bud village, southwest of Jenin. The checkpoint was removed later, no arrests were reported.

Arrests and Maltreatment at Military Checkpoints

· At approximately 18:00 on Thursday, 11 September 2014, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of Beit ‘Awwa village, southwest of Doura, southwest of Hebron. They searched Palestinian vehicles and checked IDs of passengers. In addition, they arrested Muahmmed Fares Abu ‘Arqoub (24), and took him to an unknown destination.

· At approximately 18:00 on Tuesday, 16 September 2014, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of Deir Abu Mash’al village, northwest of Ramallah. When Jihad Mahmoud al-Barghouthi (27) and Ayman Mahmoud Musa al-Barghouthi (26) were deriving their car through the checkpoint, they were arrested and taken to an unknown destination.

Recommendations to the International Community:

PCHR emphasizes the international community’s position that the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, are still under Israeli occupation, in spite of Israeli military redeployment outside the Gaza Strip in 2005. PCHR further confirms that Israeli forces continued to impose collective punishment measures on the Gaza Strip, which have escalated since the 2006 Palestinian parliamentary elections, in which Hamas won the majority of seats of the Palestinian Legislative Council. PCHR stresses that there is international recognition of Israel’s obligation to respect international human rights instruments and the international humanitarian law, especially the Hague Regulations concerning the Laws and Customs of War on Land and the Geneva Conventions. Israel is bound to apply the international human rights law and the law of war sometime reciprocally and other times in parallel in a way that achieves the best protection for civilians and remedy for victims.

In light of continued arbitrary measures, land confiscation and settlement activities in the West Bank, and the continued aggression against civilians in the Gaza Strip, PCHR calls upon the international community, especially the United Nations, the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Convention and the European Union – in the context of their natural obligation to respect and enforce the international law – to cooperate and act according to the following recommendations:

1. PCHR calls upon the international community and the United Nations to use all available means to allow the Palestinian people to enjoy their right to self-determination, through the establishment of the Palestinian State, which was recognized by the UN General Assembly with a vast majority, using all international legal mechanisms, including sanctions to end the occupation of the State of Palestine;

2. PCHR calls upon the United Nations to provide international protection to Palestinians in the oPt, and to ensure the non-recurrence of aggression against the oPt, especially the Gaza Strip;

3. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Conventions to compel Israel, as a High Contracting Party to the Conventions, to apply the Conventions in the oPt;

4. PCHR calls upon the Parties to international human rights instruments, especially the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, to pressurize Israel to comply with their provisions in the oPt, and to compel it to incorporate the human rights situation in the oPt in its reports submitted to the concerned committees;

5. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Conventions to fulfil their obligation to ensure the application of the Conventions, including extending the scope of their jurisdiction in order to prosecute suspected war criminals, regardless of the nationality of the perpetrator and the place of a crime, to pave the way for prosecuting suspected Israeli war criminals and end the longstanding impunity they have enjoyed;

6. PCHR calls on States that apply the principle of universal jurisdiction not to surrender to Israeli pressure to limit universal jurisdiction to perpetuate the impunity enjoyed by suspected Israeli war criminals;

7. PCHR calls upon the international community to act in order to stop all Israeli settlement expansion activities in the oPt through imposing sanctions on Israeli settlements and criminalizing trading with them;

8. PCHR calls upon the UN General Assembly to transfer the Goldstone Report to the UN Security Council in order to refer it to the International Criminal Court in accordance with Article 13(b) of the Rome Statute;

9. PCHR calls upon the United Nations to confirm that holding war criminals in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict is a precondition to achieve stability and peace in the regions, and that peace cannot be built on the expense of human rights;

10. PCHR calls upon the UN General Assembly and Human Rights Council to explicitly declare that the Israeli closure policy in Gaza and the annexation wall in the West Bank are illegal, and accordingly refer the two issues to the UN Security Council to impose sanctions on Israel to compel it to remove them;

11. PCHR calls upon the international community, in light of its failure to the stop the aggression on the Palestinian people, to at least fulfil its obligation to reconstruct the Gaza Strip after the series of hostilities launched by Israel which directly targeted the civilian infrastructure;

12. PCHR calls upon the United Nations and the European Union to express a clear position towards the annexation wall following the international recognition of the State of Palestine on the 1967 borders, as the annexation wall seizes large parts of the State of Palestine;

13. PCHR calls upon the European Union to activate Article 2 of the EU-Israel Association Agreement, which provides that both sides must respect human rights as a precondition for economic cooperation between the EU states and Israel, and the EU must not ignore Israeli violations and crimes against Palestinian civilians;

14. PCHR calls upon the Palestinian leadership to sign and accede to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court and the Geneva Conventions, and calls upon the international community, especially the United Nations, to encourage the State of Palestine to accede to international human rights law and humanitarian law instruments.

Complete document, with charts on crossing statistics and full reports on Israeli patrols, at the official PCHR website, via link below.

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