Amnesty International: The legally-sanctioned torture of a Palestinian detainee during interrogation by officers from Shin Bet, Israelâs Security Agency, further exposes the complicity of Israelâs authorities, including its judiciary, in the systematic violation of the human right to be free from torture, said Amnesty International today.
Samir Arbeed was arrested on 25 September on suspicion of being involved in the killing of a 17-year-old Israeli girl Rina Shnerb.
According to Israeli media reports and Samirâs lawyer, a âjudicial bodyâ granted Shin Bet special permission to âuse exceptional ways to investigateâ in his case, effectively sanctioning the use of methods amounting to torture during his interrogation.
âIt is utterly outrageous that the use of torture during interrogations continues to be sanctioned by the Israeli authorities, from the Shin Bet, through the executive branch and all the way to the Supreme Court,â said Saleh Higazi, Amnesty Internationalâs Deputy Middle East and North Africa Director.
âUnder international treaties, which legally bind Israel, the use of torture cannot be justified under any circumstances. This case exposes Israelâs claims that its judiciary upholds human rights as a complete sham.â
The use of torture cannot be justified under any circumstances. This case exposes Israelâs claims that its judiciary upholds human rights as a complete sham
Upon his arrest, Samir Arbeed was badly beaten by the Israeli forces and then tortured during interrogation.
According to his lawyer, Mahmoud Hassan of the Addameer rights group, Samir Arbeed appeared in the Ofer military court on 26 September with visible bruises and told the judge he was in pain and unable to eat. Despite this, the torture continued. On 28 September Samir Arbeed was transferred to hospital after losing consciousness. He was admitted with broken ribs and kidney failure and is currently in critical condition on a respirator.
In 1999, Israelâs Supreme Court ruled that while torture and other ill-treatment were generally prohibited, Shin Bet interrogators who used what the Court described as âphysical interrogation methodsâ in âticking time-bombâ situations may be exempted from criminal prosecution or even investigation. Since then, Shin Bet interrogators have tortured hundreds of Palestinians, citing the âticking bombâ plea, and not one of them has been prosecuted.
âTargeting civilians and killing them is a war crime. There is no doubt that those who perpetrate such killings and other abuses should be held accountable for their actions. But resorting to torture during interrogation is also a reprehensible crime,â said Saleh Higazi.
âIsraelâs authorities must end their systematic use of torture and ensure that those responsible for the torture of Samir Arbeed, including those with command and other superior responsibility, are held to account.â
The Israeli Justice Ministry has launched an investigation into Samir Arbeedâs torture and will examine how his interrogation was conducted and what level of violence was used.
âClaims of âticking time-bombsâ are totally irrelevant to investigations into torture, which is prohibited absolutely. Such claims must therefore play no part in decisions to prosecute,â said Saleh Higazi.
Samir Arbeed, a member of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), was first arrested by Shin Bet on 26 August, along with three others, in connection with the murder of Rina Shnerb near the West Bank settlement of Dolev on 23 August. On 2 September, the Ofer military court issued a three-month administrative detention order against him, but during a later hearing, the court ordered his release.
On 25 September a special unit of Israeli forces rearrested Samir Arbeed, beating him during the arrest. He was taken to the Shin Betâs interrogation center at the Russian Compound in Jerusalem and denied access to his lawyer. On 28 September he was transferred to a hospital in West Jerusalem.