Israeli violations of international law and international humanitarian law in the occupied Palestinian territories continued during the reporting period (16 â 22 June 2016).
Israeli forces have continued to commit crimes, inflicting civilian casualties. They have also continued to use excessive force against Palestinian civilians participating in peaceful protests in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, the majority of whom were youngsters. During the reporting period, Israeli forces killed a Palestinian child while another civilian succumbed to his wounds in the West Bank.Â Moreover, Israeli forces wounded 6 other civilians, including 3 children, in the West Bank. In the Gaza Strip, a civilian sustained moderate wounds due to the explosion of a suspicious object he was playing with from the Israeli forcesâ remnants. Moreover, Israeli forces continued targeting the Palestinian fishermen in the Gaza Strip Sea and the farmers in the border area.
In the West Bank, in the context of Israeli forces using force against peaceful protests, on 21 June 2016, Israeli forces killed a Palestinian child and wounded four other civilians, including 3 children; wounds of two of whom were classified as dangerous. Moreover, Israeli forces arrested two other children near Beit Sira village bridge and Beit âOr al-Tahta, southwest of Ramallah when Israeli forces opened fire at a car carrying 6 children and driven by âAhd âOthman (21) on their way back home in Beit âOr al-Tahta village.Â Israeli forces claimed in the beginning that the Palestinian children threw stones at settersâ cars on Road 443.Â Only hours later, Israeli forces admitted that they mistakenly killed the child.
On 19 June 2016, Medical sources in al-Ahli Hospital in Hebron, declared that âArif Shareef Jaradat (22), from Saâir village, east of Hebron, succumbed to his wounds. According to PCHRâs investigations, the aforementioned civilian was hit with a live bullet by Israeli forces on 04 May 2016 when the later moved into the village.Â He was transferred to al-Ahli Hospital in Hebron and underwent then a surgery to remove part of the liver and Large intestine.Â He was later discharged from the hospital.Â On 17 June 2016, Jaradat was taken to al-Ahli Hospital in the City after his health status deteriorated.Â The doctors said that they found the large intestine closed, causing adhesions.Â As a result, his health status deteriorated and died.Â It should be mentioned that the aforementioned civilians suffered from âDown Syndromeâ.
On 21 June, two Palestinian civilians were wounded when Israeli forces moved into Nour Shams refugee camp, east of Tulkarm.Â A number of Palestinian civilians and children gathered to throw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who in response fired live ammunition, gas canisters and sound bombs at the stone-throwers to disperse them.Â As a result, two civilians were wounded.
In the Gaza Strip, on 18 June 2016, Mohammed Qreiqeâa (23) from al-Shujaâiyah neighbourhood, east of Gaza City, was wounded after a suspicious object he played with exploded from the Israeli remnants.Â His left hand and hand-right finger were amputated and sustained shrapnel wounds throughout his body.Â He was transferred to al-Shifa Hospital in Gaza City, where his wounds were classified as moderate.
In the context of targeting Palestinian fishermen in the Gaza Strip Sea, on 19 June 2016, Israeli forces stationed off al-Wahah shore, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire in the vicinity of Palestinian fishing boats and chased them.
On 20 June 2016, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Soudaniyah shore, west of Jabalia, north of the Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats and chased them as well.
On the same day, Israeli gunboats stationed off Khan Younis shore in the southern Gaza Strip heavily opened fire in the vicinity of Palestinian fishing boats.Â The shooting recurred in the area at approximately 19:00 and at approximately 07:30 on Tuesday, 21 June 2016.
During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted at least 56 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 5 limited ones in occupied East Jerusalem and its suburbs. During these incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 54 Palestinian civilians, including 8 children and 3 women.Â Eleven of them, including 4 children and 3 women, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem.
Restrictions on movement:
Israel continued to impose a tight closure of the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.
The illegal closure of the Gaza Strip, which has been steadily tightened since June 2007 has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip.Â The Israeli authorities impose measures to undermine the freedom of trade, including the basic needs for the Gaza Strip population and the agricultural and industrial products to be exported. For 9 consecutive years, Israel has tightened the land and naval closure to isolate the Gaza Strip from the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem, and other countries around the world. This resulted in grave violations of the economic, social and cultural rights and a deterioration of living conditions for 1.8 million people.Â The Israeli authorities have established Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) as the sole crossing for imports and exports in order to exercise its control over the Gaza Stripâs economy.Â They also aim at imposing a complete ban on the Gaza Stripâs exports. The Israeli closure raised the rate of poverty to 38.8%, 21.1% of which suffer from extreme poverty. Moreover, the rate of unemployment increased up to 44%, which reflects the unprecedented economic deterioration in the Gaza Strip.
Collective Punishment Policy:
On 21 June 2016, Israeli forces accompanied with two military bulldozers moved into Hajjaah village, east of Qalqilya.Â They surrounded a hoise belonging to the family of Mohammed âAbdel Qader Masalahah, father of Bashar Masalhah who was killed on 08 March 2016 under the pretext of carrying out a stabbing attack in Yafa.Â They started demolishing the inside walls with a hand digger while they demolished the outside walls with a bulldozer.
Palestinian Civilian wounded after playing with suspicious object from the Israeli remnants, east of al-Zaytoun neighborhood:
Â Use of excessive force against peaceful demonstrations protesting settlement activities and the construction of the annexation wall
Demonstrations against the annexation wall and settlement activities:
Continued closure of the oPt
Israel continued to impose a tight closure on the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.
Israeli forces continuously tighten the closure of the Gaza Strip and close all commercial crossings, making the Karm Abu Salem crossing the sole commercial crossing of the Gaza Strip, although it is not suitable for commercial purposes in terms of its operational capacity and distance from markets.
Israeli forces have continued to apply the policy, which is aimed to tighten the closure on all commercial crossings, by imposing total control over the flow of imports and exports.
Israeli forces have continued to impose a total ban on the delivery of raw materials to the Gaza Strip, except for very limited items and quantities. The limited quantities of raw materials allowed into Gaza do not meet the minimal needs of the civilian population of the Gaza Strip.
Israeli forces also continued to impose an almost total ban on the Gaza Strip exports, including agricultural and industrial products, except for light-weighted products such as flowers, strawberries, and spices. However, they lately allowed the exportation of some vegetables such as cucumber and tomatoes, furniture and fish.
Israel has continued to close the Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the majority of Palestinian citizens from the Gaza Strip. Israel only allows the movement of a limited number of groups, with many hours of waiting in the majority of cases. Israel has continued to adopt a policy aimed at reducing the number of Palestinian patients allowed to move via the Beit Hanoun crossing to receive medical treatment in hospitals in Israel or in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Israel also continued applying the policy of making certain civilian traveling via the crossing interviewed by the Israeli intelligence service to be questioned, blackmailed or arrested.
Israel has imposed a tightened closure on the West Bank. During the reporting period, Israeli forces imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians:
Israeli forces established (8) checkpoints all over the city.
On Thursday, 16 June 2016, Israeli forces established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Hebron connecting between Yatta (al-Fahes) and the entrance to Bani Naâim village.
On Friday, 17 June 2016, Israeli forces established 3 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Halhoul, Bani Naâim and Beit Awa villages.
On Sunday, 19 June 2016, Israeli forces established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrances to al-Shayoukh village, al-Aroub refugee camp and Hebron.
Ramallah and al-Bireh:
Israeli forces established (7) checkpoints all over the city.
On Thursday, 16 June 2016, Israeli forces established 2 checkpoints under the bridge of Yabrud village, northeast of Ramallah and under the bridge to Kharbatha al-Mesbah village, southwest of the city.
On Friday, 17 June 2016, Israeli forces established 4 checkpoints as follows: under the bridge of Yabrud village, northeast of Ramallah, the entrance to Naâlin village, west of the city, the northern entrance to BirzeitÂ village, north of Ramallah and the entrance to Â Turmusâayya village, north of the city.
On Saturday, 18 June 2016, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to al-Taibah village, northeast of Ramallah.
Israeli forces established (5) checkpoints all over the city.
On Friday, 17 June 2016, Israeli forces established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to
al-Nuâayma village, north of Jericho, the southern entrance to the city and the crossroad of the (Dead Sea) the main street between Jericho and Jerusalem.
On Saturday, 17 June 2016, Israeli forces established 2 checkpoints near the entrance to Ein al-Duke, and the entrance to al-Ouja village, north of Jericho.
At approximately 20:50 on Saturday, 18 June 2016, Israeli forces established a checkpoint
between Kafer Qadoum and Hejah villages, northeast of Qalqiliyah.
At approximately 01:30 on Thursday, 21 June 2016, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kafer Qadoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyah. They checked the civilianâs ID cards and their vehicles and detained Mohammed Saleh Shtaiwi (26) and released him before removing the abovementioned checkpoint.
At approximately 19:50 on Saturday, 18 June 2016, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kafel Hares village, north of Salfit. They checked the civiliansâ ID cards and vehicles and then detained Mahfouth Jameel Shuhada, who is soldier at the Palestinian National Security and released him before removing the checkpoint.
Arrests at military checkpoints:
Efforts to Create Jewish majority
Israeli forces escalated their attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property. They have also continued their raids on al-Aqsa Mosque and denied the Palestinians access to it:
Arrests and Incursions:
Settlement expansion and demolition notices:
The Helwa Valley committee stated that the Israeli municipality crews and the Antiquities Authority as well as âEladÂ Settlement Associationâ raided the neighbourhoodâs playground under the pretext of doing repairs in the infrastructure of the area. They began digging without presenting the work permit while the Israeli Special Forces were present. The committee mentioned that the residents confronted them on the same day morning and prevented them from entering the playground. After that, one of the âEladÂ Settlement Associationâ staff members insulted andÂ cursed atÂ the residents and threatened them. The committee doubted the main reasons of raiding the playground and the demolishing works particularly that the permit was not shown. The committee also pointed that many tunnels were dug and still present under the abovementioned playground. It emphasized that Helwa Valley playground is a land belonging to Siyam family and was rented by Madaa Creative Centre, after which it was turned into a playground. This reflects the Israeli municipalityâs negligence to offer kidâs yards and playgrounds. Moreover, the Israeli authorities attempts to confiscate the playground to build a road that serves settlers in the area, as the Israeli authorities seek to connect the area of Helwa Valley with al-Rababah Valley and then to al-Thawri neighbourhood in Silwan.
Settlement activities and attacks by settlers against Palestinian civilians and property
Israeli Forces Attacks:
Recommendations to the International Community
PCHR emphasizes the international communityâs position that the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, are still under Israeli occupation, in spite of Israeli military redeployment outside the Gaza Strip in 2005. PCHR further confirms that Israeli forces continued to impose collective punishment measures on the Gaza Strip, which have escalated since the 2006 Palestinian parliamentary elections, in which Hamas won the majority of seats of the Palestinian Legislative Council. PCHR stresses that there is international recognition of Israelâs obligation to respect international human rights instruments and the international humanitarian law, especially the Hague Regulations concerning the Laws and Customs of War on Land and the Geneva Conventions. Israel is bound to apply the international human rights law and the law of war sometime reciprocally and other times in parallel in a way that achieves the best protection for civilians and remedy for victims.
In light of continued arbitrary measures, land confiscation and settlement activities in the West Bank, and the latest 51-day offensive against civilians in the Gaza Strip, PCHR calls upon the international community, especially the United Nations, the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Convention and the European Union â in the context of their natural obligation to respect and enforce the international law â to cooperate and act according to the following recommendations:
Fully detailed document and more at PCHR official.