Israeli authorities and armed forces carried out extrajudicial executions, tortured Palestinian prisoners and targeted human rights defenders,Â Amnesty Internationalâ€™s new annual report says.
2017 â€śmarked the 50th anniversary of Israelâ€™s occupation of the [occupied] Palestinian Territoriesâ€ť (OPT), Amnesty noted, â€śand the 10th anniversary of its illegal blockade of the Gaza Strip.â€ť
â€śIsraeli authorities intensified the expansion of settlements and related infrastructure across the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and carried out a large number of demolitions of Palestinian property, forcibly evicting more than 660 people,â€ť the report states, according to Days of Palestine.
â€śMany of these demolitions were in Bedouin and herding communities that the Israeli authorities planned to forcibly transfer.â€ť
Meanwhile, Amnesty also denounced â€śIsraelâ€™s air, land and sea blockade of the Gaza Stripâ€ť, which it says is â€ścollectively punishing Gazaâ€™s entire population of approximately 2 million inhabitantsâ€ť.
Addressing the use of lethal violence, Amnesty International noted that Israeli forces killed 76 Palestinians and one foreign national in 2017, adding that â€śmany, including children, were shot and unlawfully killed while posing no immediate threat to lifeâ€ť.
Some killings, Amnesty continued, â€śappeared to have been extrajudicial executionsâ€ť.
Across the occupied territories, â€śIsraeli forces, including undercover units, used excessive and sometimes lethal force when they used rubber-coated metal bullets and live ammunition against Palestinian protestersâ€ť, killing â€śat least 20, and injuring thousandsâ€ť.
Amnestyâ€™s annual report notes the killing in December of â€śwheelchair user Ibrahim Abu Thurayahâ€ť, who â€śwas shot in the head by an Israeli soldier as he was sitting with a group of protesters near the fence separating Gaza from Israelâ€ť.
The new report also commented on Israelâ€™s use of mass incarceration as a tool of political repression, documenting how â€śIsrael detained or continued to imprison thousands of Palestinians from the OPT, mostly in prisons in Israel, in violation of international lawâ€ť.
Israeli authorities also â€ścontinued to substitute administrative detention for criminal prosecutionâ€ť, says Amnesty, â€śholding hundreds of Palestinians, including children, civil society leaders and NGO workers, without charge or trial under renewable orders, based on information withheld from detainees and their lawyers.â€ť
Furthermore, â€śIsraeli soldiers and police and Israel Security Agency [Shin Bet] officers subjected Palestinian detainees, including children, toÂ torture and other ill-treatmentÂ with impunity, particularly during arrest and interrogation.â€ť
Amnesty International also accused Israeli authorities of using â€śa range of measures, both in Israel and the OPT, to target human rights defenders who criticised Israelâ€™s continuing occupation.â€ť
Other topics covered by the report, in relation to Israelâ€™s ongoing rights violations, included the lack of accountability, â€śmore than three yearsâ€ť later, for â€śevidently unlawful attacks including war crimesâ€ť committed by the Israeli military in its 2014 assault on the Gaza Strip.