Israeli forces have continued with systematic attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property in the occupied Palestinian territories (oPt) for the reporting period of 07 – 13 May 2015.Israeli attacks in the West Bank & Gaza:

Shootings

During the reporting period, Israeli forces wounded 18 Palestinian civilians, including 4 children and 3 photojournalists, in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Eleven civilians were wounded in the West Bank, 9 of whom, including 2 children and 3 photojournalists, were wounded during peaceful protests, while the other 7 ones, including a child and 4 fishermen, were wounded in the Gaza Strip.

In the West Bank, a 22-year-old civilian sustained serious wounds to the chest and right thigh on 07 May 2015, when he was shot by Israeli forces during an Israeli incursion in al-Fare’ah refugee camp, southeast of Tubas. On 11 May 2015, a 16-year-old child sustained a bullet wound to the left knee as Israeli forces fired at him during an Israeli incursion in Sateh Marhaba area, east of al-Bireh city.

Israeli forces continued the use of excessive and systematic force against peaceful protests organized by Palestinian civilians and Israeli and international solidarity activists against the construction of the annexation wall and settlement activities in the West Bank. As a result, 9 protestors, including 2 children and 3 photojournalists, were wounded, while others suffered tear gas inhalation during peaceful protests.

In the Gaza Strip, on 08 May 2015, a 17-year-old child sustained a serious wound to the head as Israeli forces stationed along the border fence, northwest of al-Sayafa area in the north of the Gaza Strip, opened fire at a group of youngsters who were present near the said fence.

On 09 May 2015, 2 farmers sustained shrapnel wounds when Israeli forces stationed along the border fence opened fire at some farmers and workers who were 300-500 meters away from the said fence in the north of the Gaza Strip.

In the context of targeting fishermen, Israeli forces opened fire several times at fishermen. As a result, 4 fishermen were wounded, 2 others were arrested and fishing equipment and nets were damaged. These attacks coincided with the sardine season that starts in May until mid-June. Fishermen wait for this season to compensate their losses due to Israeli attacks against them.

Incursions

During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted at least 58 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank. During these incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 20 Palestinians, including 5 children. They also arrested a civilian in the Gaza Strip.

Restrictions on movement

Israel continued to impose a tight closure of the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

The illegal closure of the Gaza Strip, which has been steadily tightened since June 2007 has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip. The Israeli authorities impose measures to undermine the freedom of trade, including the basic needs for the Gaza Strip population and the agricultural and industrial products to be exported. For 8 consecutive years, Israel has tightened the land and naval closure to isolate the Gaza Strip from the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem, and other countries around the world. This resulted in grave violations of the economic, social and cultural rights and a deterioration of living conditions for 1.8 million people. The Israeli authorities have established Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) as the sole crossing for imports and exports in order to exercise its control over the Gaza Strip’s economy. They also aim at imposing a complete ban on the Gaza Strip’s exports. In many occasions lately, Israeli forces arrested Palestinian patients and their companions and traders.

Settlement activities

Israel has continued its settlement activities in the oPt, a direct violation of international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

On 07 May 2015, Israeli forces damaged about 30 electricity poles on the road leading to Om al-Sedrah and al-Masamrah areas, south of al-Ramadeen village, southwest of Hebron. As a result, the 2 areas had power outage.

On 08 May 2015, 3 settlers from ‘Sousya’ settlement, south of Yatta, south of Hebron, cut off branches of 3 old olive trees belonging to Mohammed al-Nawaj’ah in Kherbet Sousya.

On 09 May 2015, a group of settlers attacked a number of houses belonging to Palestinian civilians in Tal al-Rumaida neighborhood in the center of Hebron, and denied them access to their houses. They also threw stones at a house, tried to raid it and attacked children in that house in front of Israeli soldiers deploying in the area.

On 10 May 2015, Israeli forces demolished Shaikh Kamel tomb in Beit dajan village, east of Nablus. They seized all stones of the tomb.

Use of excessive force against peaceful demonstrations protesting settlement activities and the construction of the annexation wall:

During the reporting period, Israeli soldiers used excessive force against peaceful demonstrations organized by Palestinian civilians, international and Israeli human rights defenders in protest at the construction of the annexation wall and settlement activities in the West Bank. As a result, a number of protestors suffered tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises as they were beaten up by Israeli soldiers.

In the same context, 9 civilians, including 2 children and 3 photojournalists, were wounded during peaceful protests in Kufor Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqilya; and the southern entrance of al-Jalazoun refugee camp, while others suffered tear gas inhalation during Selwad and Ofer protests, southwest of Ramallah.

(PCHR keeps the names of the wounded in fear of being arrested by the Israeli forces within its policy to oppress the peaceful protests and prevent Palestinian civilians from participating).

Demonstrations against the construction of the annexation wall and settlement activity

Following the Friday prayer, on 08 May 2015, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Bil’in, west of Ramallah, in protest at the construction of the annexation wall and settlement activities. The protestors marched by the annexation wall and tried to cross the fence. Israeli soldiers stationed behind the wall, in the western area, and a large number of soldiers deployed along it, fired live bullets, tear gas canisters, rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and wastewater at them and chased them into the olive fields. As a result, a number of protestors suffered tear gas inhalation.

Around the same time, dozens of Palestinian civilians organised a peaceful demonstration in the centre of Ni’lin village, west of Ramallah, in protest at the construction of the annexation wall and settlement activities. The demonstrators took the streets and headed to the annexation wall. Israeli forces closed the gates of the wall with barbwires and prevented the demonstrators from crossing to the land behind it before they responded by throwing stones. Israeli soldiers fired live ammunition, rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the civilians, and chased them into the village. As a result, a number of protestors suffered tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises as they were beaten up by Israeli soldiers.

Also following the Friday prayer, dozens of Palestinian civilians and Israeli and international human rights defenders gathered in the center of al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah, to start the weekly peaceful protest against the construction of the annexation wall and settlement activities. They made their way towards Palestinian lands that Israeli settlers from the nearby ‘Halmish’ settlement are trying to seize. Israeli soldiers closed all the village’s entrances to prevent the Palestinian and international solidarity activists and journalists from participating in the protest. As a result, a number of protestors suffered tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises as they beaten up by Israeli soldiers.

Other demonstrations

Following the Friday prayer, on 08 May 2015, dozens of Palestinian civilians organized a protest at the eastern entrance of Kufor Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqilya, heading to the eastern entrance of the village in protest against closing that entrance since the beginning of al-Aqsa Intifada with an iron gate. The demonstrators threw stones at Israeli soldiers, who fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters in response. As a result, 5 civilians, including 2 children and 3 photojournalists, sustained bullet wounds and were hit by gas canisters. The 2 children, (14) and (10), sustained bullet wounds to the left legs. The 3 photojournalists working in PalMedia, Palestine TV and Wafa News Agency were hit by tear gas canisters in their upper parts. Their wounds were moderate.

Also following the Friday prayer, dozens of Palestinians gathered at the western entrance of the Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah, on the road between Silwad and Yabroud villages, near Bypass road (60), in protest at the Israeli policies. The protestors set fire to tires and threw stones and Molotov Cocktails at the aforementioned road and Israeli soldiers. In response, Israeli soldiers stationed in the area fired live ammunition, rubber-coated bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, a number of protestors suffered tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises as they were beaten up by Israeli soldiers.

On Friday afternoon, dozens of youngsters gathered from different areas of Ramallah and al-Bireh in the vicinity of Ofer detention facility, southwest of Ramallah, in protest at Israeli attacks on Palestinian civilians and to mark the Palestinian Prisoners Day. They headed towards the facility’s gate that was closed by Israeli soldiers. They set fire to tires and threw stones and empty bottles at the soldiers. Israeli forces deployed around the detention facility and started firing live and rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a number of protestors suffered tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises as they were beaten up by Israeli soldiers.

Also following the Friday prayer, dozens of children and young men gathered at the southern entrance of al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They were about 300 meters away from the fence of ‘Beit Eil’ settlement. Israeli forces stationed in the area fired live ammunition, rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, 4 civilians, including 2 children, were wounded. They were taken to Palestine Medical Compound in Ramallah. Moreover, a number of protestors suffered tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises as they were beaten up by Israeli soldiers. A 16-year-old child sustained a bullet wound to the chest, a 17-year-old child sustained a bullet wound to the left ear, an 18-year-old civilian sustained a bullet wound to the right ear and a 22-year-old civilian sustained a bullet wound to the right side of the neck.

Continued closure of the oPt:

Israel continued to impose a tight closure on the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

Gaza Strip

Israeli forces continuously tighten the closure of the Gaza Strip and close all commercial crossings, making the Karm Abu Salem crossing the sole commercial crossing of the Gaza Strip, although it is not suitable for commercial purposes in terms of its operational capacity and distance from markets.
Israeli forces have continued to apply the policy, which is aimed to tighten the closure on all commercial crossings, by imposing total control over the flow of imports and exports.

The total closure of al-Mentar (‘Karni’) crossing since 02 March 2011 has seriously affected the economy of the Gaza Strip. Following this closure, all economic and commercial establishments in the Gaza Commercial Zone were shut off. It should be noted that al-Mentar crossing is the biggest crossing in the Gaza Strip, in terms of its capacity to absorb the flow of imports and exports. The decision to close al-Mentar crossing was the culmination of a series of decisions resulting in the complete closure of the Sofa crossing, east of the Gaza Strip in the beginning of 2009, and the Nahal Oz crossing, east of Gaza City, which were dedicated for the delivery of fuel and cooking gas to the Gaza Strip, in the beginning of 2010.

Israeli forces have continued to impose a total ban on the delivery of raw materials to the Gaza Strip, except for very limited items and quantities. The limited quantities of raw materials allowed into Gaza do not meet the minimal needs of the civilian population of the Gaza Strip.

The cooking gas crisis has fluctuated due to the closure of Karm Abu Salem for security claims. According to PCHR’s follow-up, Israeli authorities only allow an average of 98 tons of cooking gas into Gaza per day. This limited quantity is less than half of the daily needs, which is 200 tons per day of the civilian population in the Gaza Strip during winter. The lack of diesel and benzene led to the aggravation of the crisis as a result of using the gas cylinder for cars or as an alternative for benzene to run generators. As a result, the demand for gas further increased.

For almost 8 consecutive years, Israeli forces have continued to prevent the delivery of construction materials to the Gaza Strip. Two years ago, Israeli forces approved the delivery of limited quantities of construction materials for a number of international organizations in the Gaza Strip. On 17 September 2013, they allowed the entry of limited quantities of construction materials for the private sector. However, on 13 October 2013, they re-banned it claiming that these materials are used for constructing tunnels. Israeli forces allowed the entry of construction materials only for UNRWA and UNDP projects. As a result, construction works have completely stopped impacting all sectors related to construction and an increase in unemployment levels. During the 51-day Israeli offensive on the Gaza Strip in July and August 2014, Israeli authorities did not allow the entry of any construction materials. As a result, vital and infrastructure projects have been obstructed so far.

Israeli forces also continued to impose an almost total ban on the Gaza Strip exports, including agricultural and industrial products, except for light-weighted products such as flowers, strawberries, and spices. However, they lately allowed the exportation of some vegetables such as cucumber and tomatoes, furniture and fish. 3 weeks ago, Israeli forces started to ban the entry of wood under the pretext is it used for constructing tunnels.
Israel has continued to close the Beit Hanoun (“Erez”) crossing for the majority of Palestinian citizens from the Gaza Strip. Israel only allows the movement of a limited number of groups, with many hours of waiting in the majority of cases. Israel has continued to adopt a policy aimed at reducing the number of Palestinian patients allowed to move via the Beit Hanoun crossing to receive medical treatment in hospitals in Israel or in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Israel denied permission to access hospitals via the crossing for new categories of patients from the Gaza Strip. It should be noted that in the past weeks Israeli forces arrested a number of Palestinian traders heading to Israel after they got permits or were requested to meet with the Israeli intelligence service at the crossing. During the reporting period, a patient was arrested at the crossing.

West Bank

Israel has imposed a tightened closure on the West Bank. During the reporting period, Israeli forces imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians:

· Hebron: Israeli forces have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 07:00 on Thursday, 07 May 2015, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of Beit Kahel village, northwest of Hebron. Around the same time, another checkpoint was established at the entrance of Northern Yata, south of Hebron. Later, both checkpoints were removed, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 07:00 on Friday, 08 May 2015, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of Ethna village, west of Hebron. Later, both checkpoints were removed, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 07:30 on Sunday, 10 May 2015, Israeli forces established a checkpoint, at the entrance of al-Mowareq village, west of Dura, southwest of Hebron. At approximately 08:00, another checkpoint was established at Bani Na’im village, west of Hebron. Later, both checkpoints were removed, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 17:00 on Tuesday, 12 May 2015, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of Beit ‘Awwa village, south of Dura, southwest of Hebron, and closed the iron gate established at the entrance. At approximately 19:30, another checkpoint was established at the entrance of Beit Kahel village, northwest of Hebron. Later, the checkpoint was removed, and no arrests were reported.

· Ramallah: Israeli forces have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 12:00 on Thursday, 07 May 2015, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the northern entrance of ‘Ein Sinia village, north of the city. Later, the checkpoint was removed and no arrests were reported. At approximately 19:00, they re-established at ‘Atara checkpoint at the northern entrance of Bir Zeit, north of the city. They later withdrew, and no arrests were reported. Around the same time, another checkpoint was established at the entrance of ‘Ein Sinia village, north of Ramallah. Later, both checkpoints were removed and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 10:00 on Friday, 08 May 2015, Israeli forces closed the eastern entrance of al-Nabi Saleh village, northeast of Ramallah. Around the same time, another checkpoint was established under the bridge of Yabrud village, northeast of the city. At approximately 11:00, another checkpoint was established at the entrance of Ni’lin village, west of Ramallah. At approximately 20:00, another checkpoint was established near the intersection of ”Ofrah’ settlement, north of Ramallah. Later, all checkpoints were removed, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 10:30 on Saturday, 09 May 2015, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of Ras Karkar village, northwest of Ramallah. At approximately 13:30, a similar checkpoint was established at Qebia village, west of Ramallah. At approximately 17:30, another checkpoint was established at the entrance of Beit ‘Oar al-Foqa, southwest of Ramallah. At approximately 18:00, another checkpoint was established at the entrance of Deir Abu Mesh’al village, northwest of Ramallah. All checkpoints were later, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 17:00 on Sunday, 10 May 2015, israeli forces stationed at the entrance of al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah, and detained Usamah Belal ‘Abdel Salam Tamimi (19) when he was on his way back home. The force officer questioned him on the spot about the pictures of the participants in the weekly peaceful protest organized in the village. He was released half an hour later.

At approximately 11:30 on Monday, 11 May 2015, Israeli forces established a checkpoint under the bridge of Yabrud village, northeast of Ramallah. They then detained Haitham Mohammed Khalaf (24) from Selwad village while passing through the checkpoint and took him to ‘She’ar Benyamin’ police station, northeast of Occupied Jerusalem. He was released two hours later, and the checkpoint was removed.

· Qalqilya: Israeli forces have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 14:00 on Friday, 08 May 2015, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of ‘Azoun Village, southwest of Qalqilya. At approximately 19:00, another checkpoint was established at the eastern entrance of Qalqilya, southeast of the city. Later, both checkpoints were removed, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 19:00 on Saturday, 09 May 2015, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of ‘Azoun Village, southwest of Qalqilya. Later, the checkpoint was removed, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 08:00 on Sunday, 10 May 2015, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of ‘Azoun Village, southwest of Qalqilya. At approximately 17:00, another checkpoint was established at the entrance of Amatin Village, southeast of Qalqilya. At approximately 19:30, another checkpoint was established at the entrance of Jeensa’fout, southeast of Qalqilya. Later, all checkpoints were removed, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 08:00 on Monday, 11 May 2015, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance of Qalqilya, southeast of the city. Later, the checkpoint was removed, and no arrests were reported.

· Jenin: Israeli forces have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 08:30 on Monday, 11 May 2015, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the intersection of Zaboubah village, northwest of Jenin. At approximately 08:30, another checkpoint was established on the main road between Jenin, Tulkarm and Nablus near al-Shuhadaa’ intersection, south of Jenin. At approximately 18:00, another checkpoint was established at the entrance of Ya’bod village, southwest of Jenin. The checkpoint was later removed, and no arrests were reported.

· Jericho: Israeli forces have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 10:30 on Friday, 08 May 2015, Israeli forces established a checkpoint near the entrance of Fasayel village, north of the city. At approximately 20:20, another checkpoint was established at the southern entrance of Jericho. Later, both checkpoints were removed, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 10:30 on Monday, 11 May 2015, Israeli forces established a checkpoint near the entrance of Fasayel village, north of the city. At approximately 20:20, another checkpoint was established at the southern entrance of Jericho. Later, both checkpoints were removed, and no arrests were reported.

· Tulkarem: Israeli forces have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 07 May 2015, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of Far’on village, south of Tulkarm. The checkpoint was later removed, and no arrests were reported. At approximately 12:30, Israeli forces stationed at ‘Annab military checkpoint which is established on the road between Tulkarm and Nablus, east of the city, tightened their restrictions against civilians and obstructed their movement. Later that day, the tightening ended and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 19:00 on Saturday, 09 May 2015, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of Shofah village, southeast of Tulkarm. The checkpoint was later removed, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 14:30 on Sunday, 10 May 2015, Israeli forces stationed at ‘Annab military checkpoint which is established on the road between Tulkarm and Nablus, east of the city, tightened their restrictions against civilians and obstructed their movement. Later that day, the tightening ended and no arrests were reported. The tightening recurred at approximately 19:30 on the same checkpoint, but no arrests were reported.

At approximately 09:00 on Monday, 11 May 2015, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of Far’on village, south of Tulkarm. At approximately 10:00, another checkpoint was established at the entrance of Shofah village, southeast of Tulkarm. Both checkpoints were later removed, and no arrests were reported.

Arrests and Maltreatment at Military Checkpoints

· At approximately 10:30 on Friday, 08 May 2015, Israeli forces stationed at gate No. 914 of the annexation wall near Falamiyah village, east of Qalqilya, arrested Mokhles Rakez ‘Aqel Tobah (17) from Kafr Jammal, northeast of Qalqilya. He was later taken to unknown destination.

· On Sunday afternoon, 10 May 2015, Israeli forces stationed at the gate of the annexation wall established at the entrance of Eastern Barta’ah village, which is isolated from its surroundings due to the annexation wall, west of Jenin, arrested Fayez Mohammed Fayez Qobaha (23) from Western Tourah village, west of Jenin, while passing through the checkpoint. He was then taken to an unknown destination.

· At approximately 10:00 on Tuesday, 12 May 2015, Israeli forces stationed at the electronic gate leading to al-Ibrahimi Mosque in the center of the old city in the center of Hebron arrested ’emad Sa’di Soliman al-Tarwah (22) claiming that he had a knife. They later took him to an unknown destination.

Settlement activities and attacks by settlers against Palestinian civilians and property:

Israel has continued its settlement activities in the oPt, a direct violation of international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

Settlement expansion, demolitions and house demolition notices

· At approximately 06:00 on Thursday, 07 May 2015, Israeli forces accompanied by 2 vehicles of the Israeli Civil Administration and 2 bulldozers moved into the south of al-Ramadeen village, southwest of Hebron. They stationed between Om Sedrah and al-Masamrah areas and damaged the electricity network between the 2 areas under the pretext it was in area (C). As a result, 30 electricity poles were damaged and the abovementioned areas had a power outage. When Palestinians tried to stop Israeli forces, the soldiers fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters in response. As a result, a number of Palestinians suffered tear gas inhalation and Moheeb Hassan Zagharnah (17) was arrested.
It should be noted that the 2 residential compounds in Om al-Sedrah and al-Masamrah are 30 meters away from the annexation wall and are inhabited by 250 persons. The electricity network that was damaged was established there in 2008.

· At approximately 16:00, on Sunday, 10 May 2015, Israeli forces demolished the tomb of Shaikh Kamel in Beit Dajan village, east of Nablus. They also seized all the stones by which the tomb was built.

· At approximately 10:00 on Tuesday, 12 May 2015, Israeli forces accompanied by Civil Administration vehicles moved into Sousya village, south of Yatta, south of Hebron. They handed Khalil Afani al-Nawaj’a a summons to halt construction works in 2 residential tents under the pretext they were not licensed. It should be noted that on 04 May 2015, Israeli authorities refused through the Israeli Supreme Court to issue a temporary order to obstruct the decision that was issued to demolish all the houses of the village, in which about 300 persons live, as the court’ decision allows Israeli forces to implement the order anytime. In the meantime, settlers seized control over 3,000 dunums of the village lands and established ‘Sousya’ settlement, to the east of the village.

Settlers’ attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property

· At approximately 07:30 on Friday, 08 May 2015, 3 settlers from ‘Sousya’ settlement, south of Yatta, south of Hebron, cut off branches of 3 old olive trees belonging to Mohammed Mosallam al-Nawaj’a in Kherbet Sousya. Settlers’ attacks increased after the Israeli court issued a decision allowing Israeli forces and Civil Administration to evacuate Kherbet Sousya from its residents under the pretext there is no infrastructure in the Kherbe.

· At approximately 19:00 on Saturday, 09 May 2015, a group of settlers attacked a number of civilian houses in Tal al-Rumaida neighborhood, in the center of Hebron. They stopped the houses residents and denied them access to their houses. The settlers threw stones at a house belonging to Yasser Abu Markhiya and attempted to raid the house and attack his children in front of the Israeli soldiers who deployed in the neighborhood. The residents are subjected to physical search and observed by surveillance cameras fixed on the walls to protect settlers from ‘Ramat Shai’ settlement, in the center of the neighborhood. Moreover, there are military checkpoints established at the eastern and western entrances of neighborhood.

· On Tuesday early morning, 12 May 2015, Israeli forces accompanied by a bulldozer moved into agricultural lands that are rented to cut off construction stones, east of Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah. The bulldozer demolished a wall and tin plates belonging to Abdullah Tawfiq Ahmed Hamed (63) for no apparent reason. It should be noted that Israeli forces demolished a barrack belonging to the aforementioned person on 16 March 2015 under the pretext of non-licensing. The barrack was used to store work equipment and tools.

Recommendations to the International Community:

PCHR emphasizes the international community’s position that the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, are still under Israeli occupation, in spite of Israeli military redeployment outside the Gaza Strip in 2005. PCHR further confirms that Israeli forces continued to impose collective punishment measures on the Gaza Strip, which have escalated since the 2006 Palestinian parliamentary elections, in which Hamas won the majority of seats of the Palestinian Legislative Council. PCHR stresses that there is international recognition of Israel’s obligation to respect international human rights instruments and the international humanitarian law, especially the Hague Regulations concerning the Laws and Customs of War on Land and the Geneva Conventions. Israel is bound to apply the international human rights law and the law of war sometime reciprocally and other times in parallel in a way that achieves the best protection for civilians and remedy for victims.

In light of continued arbitrary measures, land confiscation and settlement activities in the West Bank, and the continued aggression against civilians in the Gaza Strip, PCHR calls upon the international community, especially the United Nations, the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Convention and the European Union – in the context of their natural obligation to respect and enforce the international law – to cooperate and act according to the following recommendations:

1. PCHR calls upon the international community and the United Nations to use all available means to allow the Palestinian people to enjoy their right to self-determination, through the establishment of the Palestinian State, which was recognized by the UN General Assembly with a vast majority, using all international legal mechanisms, including sanctions to end the occupation of the State of Palestine;

2. PCHR calls upon the United Nations to provide international protection to Palestinians in the oPt, and to ensure the non-recurrence of aggression against the oPt, especially the Gaza Strip;

3. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Conventions to compel Israel, as a High Contracting Party to the Conventions, to apply the Conventions in the oPt;

4. PCHR calls upon the Parties to international human rights instruments, especially the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, to pressurize Israel to comply with their provisions in the oPt, and to compel it to incorporate the human rights situation in the oPt in its reports submitted to the concerned committees;

5. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Conventions to fulfil their obligation to ensure the application of the Conventions, including extending the scope of their jurisdiction in order to prosecute suspected war criminals, regardless of the nationality of the perpetrator and the place of a crime, to pave the way for prosecuting suspected Israeli war criminals and end the longstanding impunity they have enjoyed;

6. PCHR calls on States that apply the principle of universal jurisdiction not to surrender to Israeli pressure to limit universal jurisdiction to perpetuate the impunity enjoyed by suspected Israeli war criminals;

7. PCHR calls upon the international community to act in order to stop all Israeli settlement expansion activities in the oPt through imposing sanctions on Israeli settlements and criminalizing trading with them;

8. PCHR calls upon the UN General Assembly to transfer the Goldstone Report to the UN Security Council in order to refer it to the International Criminal Court in accordance with Article 13(b) of the Rome Statute;

9. PCHR calls upon the United Nations to confirm that holding war criminals in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict is a precondition to achieve stability and peace in the regions, and that peace cannot be built on the expense of human rights;

10. PCHR calls upon the UN General Assembly and Human Rights Council to explicitly declare that the Israeli closure policy in Gaza and the annexation wall in the West Bank are illegal, and accordingly refer the two issues to the UN Security Council to impose sanctions on Israel to compel it to remove them;

11. PCHR calls upon the international community, in light of its failure to the stop the aggression on the Palestinian people, to at least fulfil its obligation to reconstruct the Gaza Strip after the series of hostilities launched by Israel which directly targeted the civilian infrastructure;

12. PCHR calls upon the United Nations and the European Union to express a clear position towards the annexation wall following the international recognition of the State of Palestine on the 1967 borders, as the annexation wall seizes large parts of the State of Palestine;

13. PCHR calls upon the European Union to activate Article 2 of the EU-Israel Association Agreement, which provides that both sides must respect human rights as a precondition for economic cooperation between the EU states and Israel, and the EU must not ignore Israeli violations and crimes against Palestinian civilians;

Full, detailed document, including info on patrols and border crossings available at the official PCHR website.

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