The Ministry of Culture earmarks $17 million to expand archeological excavations in East Jerusalem.
This month, the Israeli minister of culture Miri Regev (MK Jewish Home) announced plans to funnel $17 million toward archaeological excavations in East Jerusalem.
Regev announced the project to commemorate the 1967 Israeli occupation of the holy city. Israelâs 1967 occupation and subsequent annexation of Jerusalem stands in violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention and UN Security Council resolutions 194, 181, 252, 476 and 478.
The goal of the excavations, according to a culture ministry statementÂ quotedÂ in Israeli media, is to âexpose Jerusalemâs antiquities andâŚexpress the history of the Jewish people 3,000 years ago.â The grant also aims to âempowerâ Jerusalem as an âinternational center of religion, heritage, culture and tourism.â
The bulk of the funds will fuel excavations at the settlement archeology site known as the City of David, which is located in the Palestinian neighborhood of Silwan, south of Al-Aqsa Mosque. The center sits on a confiscated Palestinian home and orchard. Eladâs excavations in and around the site haveÂ severely damagedÂ nearby Palestinian residences. Israeli police and private security guards permanently monitor the site, leading toÂ increased harassment and arrests of Palestinians. Speaking to the Times of Israel, vice president of the City of David Foundation said: â[Regevâs] decision will enable the City of David National Park to double the number of those seeking to connect with the history of Jerusalem with their own eyes, to over one million annually.â
Although the City of David is part of the Israel Nature and Parks Authority, it is administered by settler organization Elad, which seizes Palestinian property in Silwan to establish new settlements. The groupÂ effectively functions as an arm of the Israeli government, and the governmentÂ permitsÂ Elad to conceal the names of its major donors. Israeli settlement watch group Peace Now reports that in the last two years, Elad has stolen ten Palestinian properties in Silwan, includingÂ three apartments in April 2018.
Regevâs pledge to expand the City of Davidâs activities supports government plans to destroy evidence of Palestinian history in the Old City, Silwan, Sheikh Jarrah, the Mount of Olives, Ras al-Amud, Musrara and Mamilla and build tourist sites that peddle messianic justifications for Israeli colonization. This year, the governmentÂ escalated its confiscation of Bab al-Rahmah Cemetery, a centuries-old Muslim cemetery outside of the Old City, in the name of incorporating it into the Jerusalem Walls National Park. In 2017, the Jerusalem municipalityÂ published a planÂ to confiscate 1,300 square meters of land next to a mosque in Ras al-Amud to build a visitor center for the Mount of Olives Jewish Cemetery. Perhaps the most well known example of Israeli destruction for the purposes of tourism is the building of Independence Park and the Museum of Tolerance in Mamilla. Both are located on what was once the Mamilla Cemetery, which, historian Rashid Khalidi hasÂ writtenÂ âis reputed to have become the burial place of several of the Prophet Muhammadâs Companions who died during or after the nascent Muslim stateâs military campaigns in the region.â
Israeli efforts to erase Palestinian landownership and history however are not limited to the aforementioned neighborhoods in Jerusalem. For years, the Israeli government has been confiscating lands in the Cremisan Valley to create the Emek Refaim Park, an Israeli National Park on the outskirts of Jerusalem thatÂ celebratesÂ âhistoric agrarian landscapesâ and âtraditional culture.â Walaja, a village adjacent to the Cremisan Valley has been hit particularly hard by these confiscations and accompanying restrictions to Palestinian movement. Most recently, Israeli authoritiesÂ built a new checkpointÂ to bar residents from accessing Wallajaâs historic spring so that Israelis can enjoy it as part of Emek Refaim Park.
Corey Sherman is a teacher in Washington D.C. and a contributing editor to aicnews.org.
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