Israeli forces continued with systematic crimes, in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), for the week of 04 – 10 October, 2018.
Israeli forces continued to use excessive force against unarmed civilians and peaceful protestors in the Gaza Strip and West Bank. 3 Palestinian civilians, including a child and a person with disability, were killed. 239 civilians, including 41 children, 3 women, 4 journalists and 6 paramedics, were wounded; 7 of them sustained serious wounds. 6 Palestinian civilians, including a child, were wounded in the West Bank.
Israeli forces continued to use lethal force against Palestinian civilians, who participated in peaceful demonstrations organized within the activities of the “Great March of Return and Breaking the Siege” in the Gaza Strip, which witnessed for the 28th week in a row peaceful demonstrations along the eastern and northern Gaza Strip border area. During the reporting period, the Israeli forces killed 3 Palestinian civilians, including a child and a person with disability, and wounded 239 civilians, including 41 children, 3 women, 4 journalists, and 6 paramedics. The injury of 7 of them was reported serious. Mroeover, a Palestinian fisherman was wounded in the northern Gaza Strip. In the West Bank, 6 Palestinian civilians, including a child, were wounded.
In the Gaza Strip, on 05 October 2018, the Israeli forces killed 3 Palestinian civilians, including a child and a person with disability. Fares al-Sersawi (12), from al-Shija’iyah, and Mahmoud Abu Sam’an (20), from al-Nussairat, were shot dead after being hit bullets to the chest while participating in the demonstration organized in eastern al-Zaytoun, east of Gaza City. Moreover, Hussein al-Regeb (19), from Bani Suhailah, was killed after being with a bullet to the abdomen while he was 70-100 meters away from the border fence in eastern Khuza’ah, east of Khan Younis. It should be mentioned that the latter killed was a person with Birth Defects and suffered cerebral atrophy in addition to other health problems in the abdomen.
As part of the use of lethal force against the peaceful protestors along the border fence during the reporting period, Israeli forces wounded 239 civilians, including 41 children, 3 women, 4 journalists and 6 paramedics. Seven of them sustained serious wounds.
As part of targeting Palestinian fishermen in the Gaza Sea, the Israeli forces continued to escalate their attacks against the Palestinian fishermen, pointing out to the ongoing Israeli policy of targeting their livelihoods. On 06 October 2018, the Israeli authorities decided to reduce the area allowed for fishing to 6 nautical miles along the Gaza Strip shores as part of the Israeli policy to restrict fishermen and targeted their livelihoods. During the reporting period, the Israeli forces opened fire 4 times at the fishermen; 3 incidents in the north-western Beit Lahia and 1 off Rafah shore in the southern Gaza Strip.
As part of the Israeli airstrikes, on 05 October 2018, the Israeli helicopters targeted a border-control point belonging to al-Qassam Brigades in the southern Return encampment, east of Jabalia in the northern Gaza Strip and completely destroyed it.
On 07 October 2018, an Israeli drone launched a missile at a group of civilians who were in eastern al-Shokah village, east of Rafah City in the southern Gaza Strip. However, no casualties were reported in both airstrikes.
As part of targeting the border areas, on 08 October 2018, the Israeli forces opened fire at the agricultural lands along eastern al-Shokah village, east of Rafah City in the southern Gaza Strip. However, no casualties were reported.
In the West Bank, the Israeli forces during the reporting period wounded 6 Palestinian civilians, including a child.
Israeli Forces continued to create a Jewish Majority in occupied East Jerusalem:
As part of the Israeli house demolitions and notices, on 08 October 2018, Ayman Kawazbah self-demolished his house in Beit Hanina village, north of occupied Jerusalem to avoid paying a fine of NIS 40,000 to the Israeli municipality. The house was built 10 years ago and the owner has recently attempted to obtain a building license from the competent authorties but in vain. The Israeli municipality also imposed on him a construction fine of NIS 36,000. The house sheltered 8 persons, including 6 children.
Israeli Forces continued their settlement activities, and the settlers continued their attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property
As part of demolition of houses and other civil objects, on 09 October 2018, the Israeli forces demolished 3 dwellings in al0-Halawah area in al-Masafer area, southeast of Yata in southern Hebron, and confiscated solar panels which were supplying the dwellings with electricity. The dwellings belonged to the families of Jebril, Abu ‘Aram, ‘Alia Abu ‘Aram and Yaser Abu ‘Aram, and sheltered 19 individuals, including 13 children.
As part of the Israeli settlers’ attacks against the Palestinians civilians and their property, the fieldworkers in the West Bank reported 9 attacks. On 05 October 2018, the fieldworkers reported 3 attacks; 2 in Salfit and 1 in Qalqiliyah, against the Palestinians farmers who were picking olives.
On 06 October 2018, 3 settlers from “Kedumim” settlement, east of Qalqiliyah, attacked a taxi car belonging to Rafi Taxi Company in Nablus. The settlers threw a stone at the car; as a result, the stone hit the front window and broke it while the driver ran away.
On 08 October 2018, the settlers broke the windows of 10 vehicles parked in al-Rayan Auto Showroom and punctured the tires in Budia village, west of Salfit. On 09 October 2018, the settlers uprooted 39 fruitful olive and almond trees in Burqin village lands, west of Salfit, and leveled lands there.
On 10 October 2018, a group of settlers from “Shillo” settlement attacked Qaryout village, southeast of Nablus. The settlers wrote hostile slogans against Arabs ad Muslims on the house walls of Mohammed Badawi and the New Village Mosque. They also graffiti-sprayed the Star of David on the back of a car belonging to ‘Abdul Naser Badawi and slashed with sharp tools the tires of 8 cars. They also broke windows of 4 houses and a car in ‘Orif village, south of the city in a similar attack.
Use of Force against Demonstrations in Protest against the U.S. President’s Decision to Recognize Jerusalem as the Capital of Israel:
Israeli forces continued its excessive use of lethal force against peaceful demonstration organized by Palestinian civilians in in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and it was named as “The Great March of Return and Breaking Siege.” The demonstration was in protest against the U.S. President Donald Trump’s declaration to move the U.S. Embassy to it. According to PCHR fieldworkers’ observations, the border area witnessed large participation by Palestinian civilians as the Israeli forces continued to use upon highest military and political echelons excessive force against the peaceful demonstrators, though the demonstration were fully peaceful. The demonstration was as follows during the reporting period:
- On Friday evening, 05 October 2018, thousands of Palestinian civilians swarmed to the Return encampments established by the Supreme National Authority for the Great March of Return and Breaking Siege, east of Abu Safiyah Hill in the northern Gaza Strip, east of Malakah intersection, east of Gaza City, east of al-Buraij in the central Gaza Strip, east of Khuza’ah village, east of Khan Younis, al-Shawkah village, east of Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip. Hundreds of them approached the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, set fire to tires as a number of them attempted to throw stones at Israeli forces. The Israeli forces opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 3 civilians, including a child, were killed. Moreover, 169 civilians, including 28 children, 3 journalists and 3 paramedics were wounded.
- In Gaza City: Israeli forces killed 2 civilians, including a child, namely Fares Hafeth Abdul ‘Aziz al-Sersawi (12), from al-Sheja’eiyah neighborhood, was hit with a live bullet to the chest, and Mahmoud Akram Mohammed Abu Sam’an (20), from al-Nuseirat, was hit with a live bullet to the chest. Moreover, 56 civilians, including 3 children, were wounded. Forty four of them were hit with live bullets and their shrapnel and 12 were hit with tear gas canister.
- Khan Younis: Israeli forces killed Husein Fathi Husein al-Raqab (19), from Bani Suheila, east of Khan Younis, after he sustained a live bullet wound the abdomen when he was about 70-100 meters away from the border fence, east of Khuza’ah village. It should be noted that Husein was with special needs as he suffered congenital malformations since birth, atrophy in the brain and health problem in the abdomen. Moreover, 16 civilians, including 4 children and Doa’a Farid Hamed Zu’rob (25),a journalist at Noor News Network from Khan Younis, and Mohammed Nidal Jom’ah Abu ‘Asi (26), a volunteer paramedic at Rowad al-Salam Team from Bani Suheilah, east of the city was hit with a live bullet to the chest and doctors classified his injury as serious in addition to 3 other civilians.
- The Northern Gaza Strip: 54 civilians, including a child, 2 paramedics and 2 journalists were wounded. Forty three of them were hit with live bullets and their shrapnel and 11 were hit with tear gas canisters. the 2 wounded journalists were identified as Mohammed ‘Essa Khalid Ramadan al-Aswad (21), a reporter at Palestine News Agency was hit with a live bullet to the left foot and Mohammed Hazem Sami al-Masri (20), a freelance journalist was hit with a tear gas canister to the head. The wounded paramedics were identified as Tasneem Fathi Ahmed Hammad (20), a volunteer paramedic at the Palestinian Ministry of Health was hit with a tear gas canister to the right foot, and Mohammed Samir Mohammed al-Za’anin (30), a volunteer paramedic at Nurse Volunteer Tear was hit with a tear gas canister to the head.
- The Central Gaza Strip: 16 civilians, including 6 children, were hit with live bullets and their shrapnel during their participation in the demonstration that was organized in the east of al-Buraij.
- Rafah City: 17 civilians were hit with live bullets and their shrapnel and 3 were hit with tear gas canisters. doctors classified 2 civilian’s injury as serious.
- On Saturday, 06 October 2018, a 20-year-old civilian was hit with a tear gas canister to the right arm during his participation in the March of Return and Breaking Siege activities, east of al-Shawkah village, east of Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip.
- On Sunday, 07 October 2018, a 23-year-old civilian from al-Buraij was hit a live bullet to the lower limbs during his participation in the March of Return and Breaking Siege activities, east of al-Buraij in the central Gaza Strip.
- At approximately 15:30 on Monday, 08 October 2018, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, opened fire and fired sound bombs at dozens of Palestinian civilians who were at the Return camp along the border coastal, adjacent to adjacent to “Zikim” military base , northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip. It should be noted that this is the 11thtime for Palestinian boats to sail for Breaking the Siege. As a result, 64 civilians, 13 children, a journalist and 3 paramedics were wounded. Thirty four of them were hit with live bullets and their shrapnel and 30 were hit with tear gas canisters and doctors classified 2 civilians’ injures as serious. The wounded civilian was identified as Majd Moneer Ahmed Huweihi (29), a journalist at al-Hadath Newspaper was hit with hit with a tear gas canister to the right elbow and the wounded paramedics were identified as:
- Mohammed Shehdah Mohammed al-Moqayad (42), a paramedic at PRCS from Beit Lahia was hit with a tear gas canister to the right hand, causing its fracture;
- Saqer Jihad Mustafa al-Jammal (24), a volunteer paramedic at the Pulse of Life Youth Team was hit with a tear gas canister to the right hand; and
- Habibah Mahmoud Abdul ‘Aziz al-Sekafi (22), a volunteer paramedic at the Palestinian Ministry of Health from Beit Lahia was hit with a tear gas canister to the left foot.
- Efforts to Create A Jewish majority
Israeli forces escalated their attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property. They have also continued their raids on al-Aqsa Mosque and denied the Palestinians access to it:
Arrests and Incursions:
- At approximately 02:00 on Thursday, 04 October 2018, Israeli forces moved into Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched a house belonging to Malek Jawdat Abu Isninah (21) and then arrested him.
- At approximately 04:00, Israeli forces moved into Bab Hattah neighborhood in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched a house belonging to Hamza Mohamed Abu Nanb (15) and then arrested him.
- At approximately 19:00 on Friday, 05 October 2018, Israeli forces moved into Hizmah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched houses in the eastern neighborhood. Meanwhile, a group of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers, who immediately fired live and rubber bullets, tear gas canisters and sound bombs at them. As a result, an 18-year-old male was hit with a live bullet to the thigh and then taken to the hospital for treatment.
- At approximately 02:00 on Sunday, 07 October 2018, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Issawiyia village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched houses, from which they arrested Qusai Jamal Abu ‘Ali (16), Ghannem Kamal Mostafa (37) and Mostafa ‘Emran Mostafa (28).
- At approximately 16:30 on Monday, 08 October 2018, Israeli forces arrested Su’ad Rushdi Abu Romouz (44) and her brother Jawad (44) after an Israeli settlers attacked them in Baten al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. Nazem Abu Romouz said that an Israeli settler attacked his siblings Jawad and Su’ad in Baten al-Hawa neighborhood and pepper sprayed at his sister’s face. He added that the Osraeli police arrived at the area and arrested his siblings instead of arresting the attacker. The police then took his siblings to Salah al-Deen Police Station in occupied Jerusalem. It should be noted that few hours after interrogating them, they were released on bail at approximately 00:00 on condition that they will attend to the court hearing.
- At approximately 06:00 on Tuesday, 09 October 2018, Israeli forces moved into al-Wad neighborhood in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mahmoud ‘Abed al-Wahab Sa’ied ‘Abed al-Latif (27), and then arrested him.
- At approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 10 October 2018, Israeli forces moved into Abu Dies village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Laith Sami ‘Awwad (24) and then arrested him.
- House Demolitions and Notices:
- On Monday, 08 October 2018, Ayman Kawazbah self-demolished his house in Beit Haninah village, north of occupied East Jerusalem, to avoid paying demolition costs to the Israeli Municipality. Ayman said that on Monday morning, he self-demolished his house after vacating its contents to avoid paying demolition costs to the Israeli Municipality, which is estimated at NIS 40.000. He also said that his house was built 10 years ago and during the past days he attempted to license his house, but in vain. He added that the demolition decision issued after building the house and living in it. He managed to delay the demolition many times. It should be noted that the Israeli Municipality imposed a fine on him estimated at NIS 36.000. Despite paying the fine, the final demolition decision was issued. The house was sheltering 8 members, including 6 children.
- On Monday, 08 October 2018, the Israeli authorities handed the residents of Khan al-Ahmar Bedouin Community, east of occupied East Jerusalem, a notice to level a dirt road and in order to facilitate the movement of Israeli vehicles as a prelude to evacuate and demolish the community. ‘Abdullah Abu Rahma, Coordinator of the Popular Committee Against the Wall and Settlements, said that the Israeli forces handed the community residents notice to level a dirt road and gave them one week to challenge the notice. This decision coincides with the continuation of a sit-in organized by the Palestinian and international solidarity activists for 111 days in row, rejecting the Israeli decision of demolishing the community and displacing its residents. It should be noted that the time given by the Israeli authorities to Khan al-Ahmar Bedouin Community to vacate and self-demolish their houses ended on 01 October 2018. On 05 September 2018, the Israeli Supreme Court refused a petition against evacuating and displacing the residents of Khan al-Ahmar Bedouin Community and issued a decision to demolish it and agave them one week to implement the decision.
Settlement activities and attacks by settlers against Palestinian civilians and property
Israeli forces’ attack:
- At approximately 07:00 on Tuesday, 09 October 2018, Israeli forces accompanied with 4 military vehicles, a vehicle of the Israeli Civil Administration, a bulldozer, and a digger moved into Halawa area located in al-Masafer area, southeast of Yatta, south of Hebron. They deployed between houses and then the bulldozer and digger demolished 3 houses under the pretext of non-licensing. Moreover, the Israeli Civil Administration staff confiscated solar panels that feeding houses. The demolished houses belong to:
|The owner name||Family member||Children||The building description||Area||Funding||Notices|
|Jebreel Ahmed Abu ‘Arram||6||4||Built of bricks||40||GVC||1|
|‘Ali Mohamed Abu ‘Arram||8||6||Built of bricks||60||GVC||3|
|Yaser Khalil Abu ‘Arram||5||3||Built of bricks||30||GVC||7|
Kherbit al-Halawa is located in Masafer Yatta area, south of Yatta, where civilians live in residential tents and houses built of bricks and roofed with tin plates. Kherbit al-Halawa is surrounded by al-Fakhit from the northern side, Kherab al-Majaz, al-Taban and al-Fakhit from the eastern side, Kherab al-Markaz, Janbah and Bir al-Nawa’mah from the western side, and the annexation wall from the southern side. Kherbit al-Halawa is classified within the Israeli authorities’ decision to transfer it to military training sites under the so-called 918 area, where civilians were banned to presence there. The Kherbit al-Halawa is built on an area of 12 dunums, sheltering 9 families, including 120 member.
Israeli settlers’ attack:
- At approximately 13:50 on Friday, 05 October 2018, a group of Israeli settlers from “Prokhin “ settlement, west of Salfit, entered Palestinian civilians’ lands and attacked the family of Ashraf Tahseen ‘Othman, from Kafur al-Deek village, while harvesting olive trees in their lands near the abovementioned settlement. The Israeli settler prevented the Palestinians from continuing their work. After that, the Israeli forces intervened and kept the settler away from the area.
- On the same day, Israeli settlers, from “Rafava“ settlement, carried out another attack against Mohamed Jameel Souf (28), from Hares village, northwest of Salfit, and severely beat him while he was in his agricultural land in Wadi al-Shami area, west of the village. The Palestinian Red Crescent Society provided first aid to him and then took him to Yaser ‘Araft Hospital in Salfit.
- At approximately 22:20 on Friday, a group of Israeli settlers entered lands belonging to Fir’itah village, north of Qalqiliyia, deported Palestinian farmers from their lands and prevented them from harvesting the olive trees.
- At approximately 11:30 on Saturday, 06 October 2018, 3 Israeli settlers from “Kedumim“settlement, east of Qalqiliyia, attacked a public vehicles belonging to a taxi office in Nablus. The Israeli settlers threw stone at the vehicle’s windshield and broke it. The vehicle driver, Hani Hussain Hasan Ramadan (42), from Tal village, southwest of the city, drove quickly and fled from the area returning to Nablus. Hani said to PCHR’s fieldworker that: “ At approximately 09:45 on Saturday, 06 October 2018, I was driving a public vehicle, holding No. 7199430 and belonging to a taxi office, from Rafidia neighborhood, west of Nablus, and heading to Amateen village, east of Qalqiliyia, in order to conveyance Naser Irshayis, Salesperson of al-Qemmah A.C Company. We arrived at Amateen village, where we handed A.Cs to another vehicle and then went back to Nablus. At approximately 11:30, we arrived at the an intersection, 250 meter away from “Kedumim“ We surprised with 3 Israeli settlers standing on the right side of the street. The settlers threw stones at us, one of the stones hit the vehicle’s windshield and broke it. Meanwhile, I did not stop and then drove quickly heading to Nablus. No injuries among us were reported. “
- At approximately 02:30 on Monday, 08 October 2018, a group of Israeli settlers attacked Bidiya village, west of Salfit, and broke the windows of 10 vehicles parked in al-Rayan car showroom and then punctured their tires. The car showroom belongs to the siblings Mohamed and Ahmed Khadir Rayan.
- At approximately 09:00 on Tuesday, 09 October 2018, a group of Israeli settlers from “Prokhin “ settlement, entered Palestinian civilians’ lands belonging to Burqeen village, west of Salfit, located adjacent to the bypass road. The settler uprooted around 39 olive and almond fruitful trees planted 2-20 years ago. The trees belong to Jamal ‘Othman Salama, from Burqeen village.
- At approximately 03:00 on Wednesday, 10 October 2018, a group of Israeli settlers, from “Shilo “ settlement, attacked Wad al-Bir area, southeast of Qaryout village, southeast of Nablus. The Israeli settlers attacked Palestinian civilians’ vehicles parked in front of their owners’ houses and then wrote hostile slogans against Arabs and Muslims on the house walls of Mohamed Hamad Badawi and on the walls of the village’s new mosque. They also drew the David Star on a vehicle belonging to ‘Abed al-Naser Hamad Badawi and punctured the tires of 8 vehicles belonging to ‘Abed al-Naser Badawi, Mohamed Hamad Badawi, Sufyan Shehada Ahmed Moqbel, Rami Dieb Mahmoud, Yousef Mohamed Hasan Moqbel, Mohamed Rezeq Kassab, and Shehada Ahmed Moqbel.
- At approximately 09:00 on Wednesday, 10 October 2018, a group of Israeli settler, from “ Yatizhar” settlement established in the eastern side of ‘Oreef village, south of Nablus, attacked al-Safafeer area, from the eastern side, under the Israeli forces protection. The Israeli settlers threw stones at Palestinians’ houses. Some of those houses belong to Sameer Mohamed Mohamed Sawalmah, Ahmed ‘Abed al-Kareem Fayiz Shehada, ‘Aziyah Mahmoud Ahmed ‘Ali, and Raied Mahmoud al-Sabbah. The village’s residents confronted the Israeli forces and settlers, which resulted in damaging some of houses’ windows and another vehicle parked in front of oen of houses. The material damage identified as:
- Sameer Mohamed Mohamed Sawalmah: breaking 2 windows in the second floor in northeastern side of a 2-storey house and breaking a Renault car windows.
- Ahmed ‘Abed al-Kareem Fayiz shahada: breaking 2 windows in the first floor in the eastern side of the house, which is under-construction.
- ‘Aziyah Mahmoud Ahmed ‘Ali, whose house is rented by Raied Shehada: breaking 6 windows of the house, which is comprised of one floor.
- Raied Mahmoud Sabbah: falling stones in his house yard without causing any material damage.
Recommendations to the International Community
PCHR warns of the escalating settlement construction in the West Bank, the attempts to legitimize settlement outposts established on Palestinian lands in the West Bank and the continued summary executions of Palestinian civilians under the pretext that they pose a security threat to the Israeli forces. PCHR reminds the international community that thousands of Palestinian civilians have been rendered homeless and lived in caravans under tragic circumstances due to the latest Israeli offensive on the Gaza Strip that has been under a tight closure for almost 11 years. PCHR welcomes the UN Security Council’s Resolution No. 2334, which states that settlements are a blatant violation of the Geneva Conventions and calls upon Israel to stop them and not to recognize any demographic change in the oPt since 1967. PCHR hopes this resolution will pave the way for eliminating the settlement crime and bring to justice those responsible for it. PCHR further reiterates that the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, are still under Israeli occupation in spite of Israel’s unilateral disengagement plan of 2005. PCHR emphasizes that there is international recognition of Israel’s obligation to respect international human rights instruments and international humanitarian law. Israel is bound to apply international human rights law and the law of war, sometimes reciprocally and other times in parallel, in a way that achieves the best protection for civilians and remedy for the victims.
- PCHR calls upon the international community to respect the Security Council’s Resolution No. 2334 and to ensure that Israel respects it as well, in particular point 5 which obliges Israel not to deal with settlements as if they were part of Israel.
- PCHR calls upon the ICC this year to open an investigation into Israeli crimes committed in the oPt, particularly the settlement crimes and the 2014 offensive on the Gaza Strip.
- PCHR Calls upon the European Union (EU) and all international bodies to boycott settlements and ban working and investing in them in application of their obligations according to international human rights law and international humanitarian law considering settlements as a war crime.
- PCHR calls upon the international community to use all available means to allow the Palestinian people to enjoy their right to self-determination through the establishment of the Palestinian State, which was recognized by the UN General Assembly with a vast majority, using all international legal mechanisms, including sanctions to end the occupation of the State of Palestine.
- PCHR calls upon the international community and United Nations to take all necessary measures to stop Israeli policies aimed at creating a Jewish demographic majority in Jerusalem and at voiding Palestine from its original inhabitants through deportations and house demolitions as a collective punishment, which violates international humanitarian law, amounting to a crime against humanity.
- PCHR calls upon the international community to condemn summary executions carried out by Israeli forces against Palestinians and to pressurize Israel to stop them.
- PCHR calls upon the States Parties to the Rome Statute of the ICC to work hard to hold Israeli war criminals accountable.
- PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Conventions to fulfill their obligations under article (1) of the Convention to ensure respect for the Conventions under all circumstances, and under articles (146) and (147) to search for and prosecute those responsible for committing grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions to ensure justice and remedy for Palestinian victims, especially in light of the almost complete denial of justice for them before the Israeli judiciary.
- PCHR calls upon the international community to speed up the reconstruction process necessary because of the destruction inflicted by the Israeli offensive on Gaza.
- PCHR calls for a prompt intervention to compel the Israeli authorities to lift the closure that obstructs the freedom of movement of goods and 1.8 million civilians that experience unprecedented economic, social, political and cultural hardships due to collective punishment policies and retaliatory action against civilians.
- PCHR calls upon the European Union to apply human rights standards embedded in the EU-Israel Association Agreement and to respect its obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights when dealing with Israel.
- PCHR calls upon the international community, especially states that import Israeli weapons and military services, to meet their moral and legal responsibility not to allow Israel to use the offensive in Gaza to test new weapons and not accept training services based on the field experience in Gaza in order to avoid turning Palestinian civilians in Gaza into testing objects for Israeli weapons and military tactics.
- PCHR calls upon the parties to international human rights instruments, especially the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), to pressurize Israel to comply with its provisions in the oPt and to compel it to incorporate the human rights situation in the oPt in its reports submitted to the relevant committees.
- PCHR calls upon the EU and international human rights bodies to pressurize the Israeli forces to stop their attacks against Palestinian fishermen and farmers, mainly in the border area.
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