Al-Haq details how Israel seizes natural resources in the occupied West Bank, Jerusalem and Gaza. The Gaza Strip, West Bank and East Jerusalem are rich in oil, gas a shale oil resources, al-Haq claims in its 2015 report, Annexing Energy. If these resources were to be developed, Palestine would be economically self-sufficient and relieved from dependence on international aid.
However, as expected, Israel has a history of systematically preventing Palestine‚Äôs development of oil and gas in the Occupied Plaestinian Territories (OPT).
Since 1967, the OPT‚Äôs natural resources have been governed by Israel‚Äôs government, allowing Israel to manage its natural resources to the benefit of Israeli citizens and corporations ‚Äď not the local population.
Al-Haq explains that Israel prevents Palestine‚Äôs development of oil and gas in the OPT by ‚Äúcurtailing Palestinian freedom of movement, appropriating Palestinian resource rich land and sea resources, forcibly stagnating the Palestinian economy and manipulating Palestinian energy dependence for private commercial profit.‚ÄĚ
This system goes against international law, which dictates that military commanders have only limited authority regarding natural resources in the OPT. This limited authority is subject to military necessity and the humanitarian concerns of the occupied population.
Al-Haq argues that Israel‚Äôs appropriation, exploitation and prevention of development of oil and gas resources ‚Äúconstitute plunder and further breach Palestine‚Äôs right to self-determination.‚ÄĚ
Moreover, the current system continues to promote the seizure of Palestine‚Äôs maritime space and prevent Palestine‚Äôs rightful ability to develop its gas distribution network.
Read al-Haq’s full report here.
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