Israeli authorities and armed forces carried out extrajudicial executions, tortured Palestinian prisoners and targeted human rights defenders,Â Amnesty Internationalâs new annual report says.
2017 âmarked the 50th anniversary of Israelâs occupation of the [occupied] Palestinian Territoriesâ (OPT), Amnesty noted, âand the 10th anniversary of its illegal blockade of the Gaza Strip.â
âIsraeli authorities intensified the expansion of settlements and related infrastructure across the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and carried out a large number of demolitions of Palestinian property, forcibly evicting more than 660 people,â the report states, according to Days of Palestine.
âMany of these demolitions were in Bedouin and herding communities that the Israeli authorities planned to forcibly transfer.â
Meanwhile, Amnesty also denounced âIsraelâs air, land and sea blockade of the Gaza Stripâ, which it says is âcollectively punishing Gazaâs entire population of approximately 2 million inhabitantsâ.
Addressing the use of lethal violence, Amnesty International noted that Israeli forces killed 76 Palestinians and one foreign national in 2017, adding that âmany, including children, were shot and unlawfully killed while posing no immediate threat to lifeâ.
Some killings, Amnesty continued, âappeared to have been extrajudicial executionsâ.
Across the occupied territories, âIsraeli forces, including undercover units, used excessive and sometimes lethal force when they used rubber-coated metal bullets and live ammunition against Palestinian protestersâ, killing âat least 20, and injuring thousandsâ.
Amnestyâs annual report notes the killing in December of âwheelchair user Ibrahim Abu Thurayahâ, who âwas shot in the head by an Israeli soldier as he was sitting with a group of protesters near the fence separating Gaza from Israelâ.
The new report also commented on Israelâs use of mass incarceration as a tool of political repression, documenting how âIsrael detained or continued to imprison thousands of Palestinians from the OPT, mostly in prisons in Israel, in violation of international lawâ.
Israeli authorities also âcontinued to substitute administrative detention for criminal prosecutionâ, says Amnesty, âholding hundreds of Palestinians, including children, civil society leaders and NGO workers, without charge or trial under renewable orders, based on information withheld from detainees and their lawyers.â
Furthermore, âIsraeli soldiers and police and Israel Security Agency [Shin Bet] officers subjected Palestinian detainees, including children, toÂ torture and other ill-treatmentÂ with impunity, particularly during arrest and interrogation.â
Amnesty International also accused Israeli authorities of using âa range of measures, both in Israel and the OPT, to target human rights defenders who criticised Israelâs continuing occupation.â
Other topics covered by the report, in relation to Israelâs ongoing rights violations, included the lack of accountability, âmore than three yearsâ later, for âevidently unlawful attacks including war crimesâ committed by the Israeli military in its 2014 assault on the Gaza Strip.