Israeli violations of international humanitarian law in the oPt continued during the reporting period (27 October â 02 November 2016).
(photo:Â On Wednesday, Israeli bulldozers demolished a 2-storey building belonging to the family of Thalji Soliman, in the Beit Hanina neighborhood, located at the center of occupied Jerusalem, under the pretext of building without a license.)
Israeli forces have continued to commit crimes, inflicting civilian casualties. They have also continued to use excessive force against Palestinian civilians participating in peaceful protests in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, the majority of whom were youngsters. During the reporting period, Israeli forces killed 2 Palestinian civilians in the West Bank and wounded 9 others, including 4 fishermen, in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
In the West Bank, Israeli forces killed two Palestinian civilians, including a police officer and wounded 4 others.Â On 30 October 2016, Israeli forces killed Khaled Ikhlayel (22) from al-Badan neighbourhood, east of Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron when they opened fire at Polo car travelled by Ikhlayel.Â The Israeli forces claimed that Ikhlayel deliberately ran over a number of Israeli soldiers, wounding one of them.Â However, Ikhalyelâs father said to PCHRâs fieldworker that his son suffered a bad health condition due to neurological disorders and was released only two days before the incident happened from a Palestinian police prison for his health status.
On 31 October 2016, Israeli soldiers stationed at Beit Eil checkpoint, north of al-Bireh, shot dead Mohammed Turkman (25) from Qabatia village, south of Jenin, after he opened fire from his Kalashnikov at a number of Israeli soldiers stationed at the checkpoint, wounding 3 of them, according to the Israeli forcesâ Spokesperson.
In the same context, on 28 October 2016, 3 Palestinians from âAida refugee camp, north of Bethlehem, were hit with metal bullets while participating in a protest in the vicinity of Belal Ben Rabah Mosque, north of the refugee camp.Â The protesters threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers stationed there, so the latter fired rubber-coated metal bullets at them and chased them into the camp.Â As a result, three of them were wounded.
On 30 October 2016, Israeli soldiers stationed in the vicinity of ââOfraâ settlement, south of Silwad village, east of Ramallah, opened fire at a civilian car travelled by Ahmed Hamed (19) from the same village.Â as a result, he was wounded with 3 bullets to the abdomen, arrested and then taken to Hadassa Hospital in occupied Jerusalem.Â Israeli forces claimed that Hamed had sharp tools with him and intended to attack the Israeli soldiers.
In the Gaza Strip on 28 October 2016, Mohammed Abu âAyadah (28) was hit with 2 bullets to the feet when Israeli forces stationed along the border fence, east of al-Shujaâiyah neighbourhood, east of Gaza City, opened fire and rubber-coated metal bullets at dozens of youngsters, who headed to Nahal âOz, east of al-Shujaâiyah, to participate in activities in solidarity with Jerusalem.
In the context of targeting Palestinian fishermen offshore, on 29 October 2016, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Wahah shore, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 2 nautical miles.Â however, no casualties were reported.
On 30 October 2016, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniyah shore, north of Gaza City, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 2.5 nautical miles.Â As result, Rami Baker (38) was hit with a bullet to his right foot.
On 01 November 2016, Israeli gunboats Israeli gunboats stationed offshore, northwest of al-Wahah Resort, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats and then surrounded two of them sailing within 4 nautical miles.Â 6 fishermen who were on the boats were ordered by the Israeli naval soldiers to take off their clothes, jump into the water and swim towards the gunboat.Â They were then arrested while their boats and 55 nets were kept in custody. at approximately 21:00 on the same day, the Israeli forces released the 6 fishermen through Beit Hanoun âErezâ crossing while the two boats are so far kept in custody.Â Moreover, three of the fishermen were found wounded with rubber-coated metal bullets.
During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted at least 60 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 11 others in occupied Jerusalem and its suburbs. During these incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 70 Palestinian civilians, including 16 children and a woman. Twenty-two of them, including 13 children and a woman, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem.
In the Gaza Strip, Israeli forces conducted 2 limited incursions into the eastern side of al-Bureij in the central Gaza Strip and into the eastern side of al-Fokhari village, southeast of Khan Younis in the southern Gaza Strip. They levelled lands for hours and then redeployed.
Creating Jewish majority in occupied East Jerusalem:
In the context of house demolitions, on 02 November 2016, Israeli military vehicles demolished a residential building ready for inhabitation belonging to Thalji âAbdel âAziz Soliman in Beit Hanina village, north of East Jerusalem, under the pretext of building without a license.Â The 2-storey building comprised of 4 apartments was established on an area of 200 square meters.Â The family said that the municipality did not give them any house demolition order or warning to demolish and emphasized that the familyâs lawyer had been trying for months to obtain a license but in vain.
Settlement activities and settlersâ attacks against Palesitnian civilians and their property:
On 31 October 2016, Israeli forces demolished 4 dwelings, 7 sheep barns, 3 fodder stores and 3 toilets in addition to Feedlots, watering machines, tables and miliking machines in Kherbet al-Deir in the Northern Valley, east of Tubas.Â That property belong to 3 families comprised of 13 members, including 4 children, living in the aforementioned area.
on the same day, Israeli forces demolished 5 tractors in al-Ras al-Ahmar area in the Northern Valley, east of Tubas.
Restrictions on movement:
Israel continued to impose a tight closure of the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.
The illegal closure of the Gaza Strip, which has been steadily tightened since June 2007 has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip.Â The Israeli authorities impose measures to undermine the freedom of trade, including the basic needs for the Gaza Strip population and the agricultural and industrial products to be exported. For 9 consecutive years, Israel has tightened the land and naval closure to isolate the Gaza Strip from the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem, and other countries around the world. This resulted in grave violations of the economic, social and cultural rights and a deterioration of living conditions for 1.8 million people.Â The Israeli authorities have established Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) as the sole crossing for imports and exports in order to exercise its control over the Gaza Stripâs economy.Â They also aim at imposing a complete ban on the Gaza Stripâs exports. The Israeli closure raised the rate of poverty to 38.8%, 21.1% of which suffer from extreme poverty. Moreover, the rate of unemployment increased up to 44%, which reflects the unprecedented economic deterioration in the Gaza Strip.
In the West Bank, Israeli forces continued to suffocate the Palestinian cities and village by imposing military checkpoints around and/or between them. This created âcantonsâ isolated from each other that hinders the movement of civilians. Moreover, the Palestinian civilians suffering aggravated because of the annexation wall and checkpoints erected on daily basis to catch Palestinians. During the reporting period, Israeli forces arrested 5 Palestinian civilians, including a child, while passing through those checkpoints.
Israel continued to impose a tight closure on the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.
Israeli forces continuously tighten the closure of the Gaza Strip and close all commercial crossings, making the Karm Abu Salem crossing the sole commercial crossing of the Gaza Strip, although it is not suitable for commercial purposes in terms of its operational capacity and distance from markets.
Israeli forces have continued to apply the policy, which is aimed to tighten the closure on all commercial crossings, by imposing total control over the flow of imports and exports.
Israeli forces have continued to impose a total ban on the delivery of raw materials to the Gaza Strip, except for very limited items and quantities. The limited quantities of raw materials allowed into Gaza do not meet the minimal needs of the civilian population of the Gaza Strip.
Israeli forces also continued to impose an almost total ban on the Gaza Strip exports, including agricultural and industrial products, except for light-weighted products such as flowers, strawberries, and spices. However, they lately allowed the exportation of some vegetables such as cucumber and tomatoes, furniture and fish.
Israel has continued to close the Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the majority of Palestinian citizens from the Gaza Strip. Israel only allows the movement of a limited number of groups, with many hours of waiting in the majority of cases. Israel has continued to adopt a policy aimed at reducing the number of Palestinian patients allowed to move via the Beit Hanoun crossing to receive medical treatment in hospitals in Israel or in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Israel also continued applying the policy of making certain civilian traveling via the crossing interviewed by the Israeli intelligence service to be questioned, blackmailed or arrested.
Arrests at military checkpoints:
At approximately 15:00, Israeli forces established a checkpoint on the bridge of âAtarah at the northern entrance to Birzeit, north of Ramallah. They stopped the cars, checked the civiliansâ ID cards and then questioned them. At approximately 16:00, before removing the abovementioned checkpoint, Israeli forces arrested Mosâab Mahmud Ahmed Abed Rabuh (35) from Tulkarm and took him to an unknown destination.
Israeli forces escalated their attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property. They have also continued their raids on al-Aqsa Mosque and denied the Palestinians access to it:
Arrests and Incursions:
Esam al-âAbbasi, Secretary of the Silwan Parents Committee, said to PCHRâs fieldworker that the Israeli forces raided the above-mentioned School, looking for a boy, who threw stones at them. Al-âAbbasi added that the Israeli police summoned Saleh al-Aâawar, the above-mentioned school principle, and Samer al-Ghoul, the principle of Silwan Primary School, to refer to Salah Eden Police Station after raiding the school.
Israeli Settlers attacks:
Jadallah al-Rajabi, Qusaiâs father, said to a PCHR fieldworker that a settler, who was in Butn al-Hawa neighbourhood, pushed Qusai to a wall and punched him in his eyes without a reason while Qusai was playing along with his cousins outside his house. As a result, the abovementioned child suffered pains and redness in his eyes. Jadallah said that Qusai came to the house crying and was afraid as the attack signs on his face were obvious. Jadallah mentioned that his son and friends assured him that the settler attacked Qusai, so he went to the place of attack where the abovementioned settler was with two other settlers. When Jadallah asked the settler why he attacked his son, the latter staryed shouting and pointing his weapon at Jadallah. Meanwhile, an Israeli infantry passed by the area, so Jadalah told him about what happened to his child.Â the Israeli soldiers detained the settler and took him to Salah Eden Police Station. Jadallah added that he filed a complaint in the abovementioned police station and took his son to a medical centre to make the necessary tests for Qusai. It should be noted that Jadallah had filed a complaint 6 months ago against the same settler, who attacked Qusai, but to no avail.
House demolitions and demolition notices:
Riyad Suleiman, son of Thalgi, said to PCHRâs fieldworker that at approximately 04:00, Israeli forces accompanied with two heavy bulldozers surrounded the 2-storey building built on an area of around 200 square meters. At approximately 06:00, they demolished the building. Riyad mentioned that his father established the building comprised of 4 apartments ready for inhabitation for himself and his sons. It should be noted that that the family did not receive any demolition notice or decision from the Israeli municipality. He emphasized that the familyâs lawyer had been trying to obtain a construction license for the building for months, but they were surprised with the demolition. He added that the village inhabitants informed them on the abovementioned day evening that the Israeli forces moved into the area surrounding the house and had files and cameras in an attempt to pave the way for the bulldozers to carry out the demolition.
Settlement activities and attacks by settlers against Palestinian civilians and property
Israeli Forces attacks:
Recommendations to the International Community
PCHR emphasizes the international communityâs position that the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, are still under Israeli occupation, in spite of Israeli military redeployment outside the Gaza Strip in 2005. PCHR further confirms that Israeli forces continued to impose collective punishment measures on the Gaza Strip, which have escalated since the 2006 Palestinian parliamentary elections, in which Hamas won the majority of seats of the Palestinian Legislative Council. PCHR stresses that there is international recognition of Israelâs obligation to respect international human rights instruments and the international humanitarian law, especially the Hague Regulations concerning the Laws and Customs of War on Land and the Geneva Conventions. Israel is bound to apply the international human rights law and the law of war sometime reciprocally and other times in parallel in a way that achieves the best protection for civilians and remedy for victims.
In light of continued arbitrary measures, land confiscation and settlement activities in the West Bank, and the latest 51-day offensive against civilians in the Gaza Strip, PCHR calls upon the international community, especially the United Nations, the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Convention and the European Union â in the context of their natural obligation to respect and enforce the international law â to cooperate and act according to the following recommendations:
Fully detailed document available at the official website of the Palestinian Center For Human Rights.
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